The Origins of Major War

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Cornell University Press, Jul 26, 2001 - History - 336 pages
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One of the most important questions of human existence is what drives nations to war-especially massive, system-threatening war. Much military history focuses on the who, when, and where of war. In this riveting book, Dale C. Copeland brings attention to bear on why governments make decisions that lead to, sustain, and intensify conflicts.

Copeland presents detailed historical narratives of several twentieth-century cases, including World War I, World War II, and the Cold War. He highlights instigating factors that transcend individual personalities, styles of government, geography, and historical context to reveal remarkable consistency across several major wars usually considered dissimilar. The result is a series of challenges to established interpretive positions and provocative new readings of the causes of conflict.

Classical realists and neorealists claim that dominant powers initiate war. Hegemonic stability realists believe that wars are most often started by rising states. Copeland offers an approach stronger in explanatory power and predictive capacity than these three brands of realism: he examines not only the power resources but the shifting power differentials of states. He specifies more precisely the conditions under which state decline leads to conflict, drawing empirical support from the critical cases of the twentieth century as well as major wars spanning from ancient Greece to the Napoleonic Wars.

  

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Intéressant,il reprend les forces et faiblesses de la TSH, à relire les arguments. Il comprend aussi d'autres variantes théoriques complémentaires et utiles pour notre thèse

Contents

Introduction
1
Rethinking Realist Theories of Major War
11
Foreign Policy Choices and the Probability of Major War
35
German Security and the Preparation for World War I
56
The July Crisis and the Outbreak of World War I
79
The Rise of Russia and the Outbreak of World War II
118
Bipolarity Shifting Power and the Origins of
146
The Berlin and Cuban Missile Crises
176
Major War from Pericles to Napoleon
209
The Implications of the Argument
235
Appendix
247
Notes
255
Index
313
Copyright

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About the author (2001)

Dale C. Copeland is Associate Professor of International Relations in the Woodrow Wilson Department of Politics at the University of Virginia.