Rural Society in Southeast India

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Cambridge University Press, Jan 3, 2008 - Philosophy - 476 pages
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This book is a comparative study of caste and class in two small villages in the Thanjāvūr district of southeast India based on fieldwork done by the author in 1951-3. Differing from the usual village study, Gough's work traces the history of the villages over the past century and examines the impact of colonialism on the district since 1770. The volume's theoretical significance lies in its attempt to define more clearly the characteristics of rural class relations, particularly addressing the question whether Indian agrarian relations are still precapitalist. This study not only provides a vivid account of village life in southeast India in the 1950s (to be followed by a later study done in the 1970s), but also contributes to theory concerning modes of production, class structures in the Third World, and underdevelopment.
  

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Contents

Thanjāvūr
1
Castes and Religious Groups
17
The Agriculturalists
35
The Nonagriculturalists
56
Variations in Ecology Demography and Social Structure
67
The Colonial Background and the Sources of Poverty
105
Political Parties
138
Kumbapeṭṭi
151
Village Politics Religion Caste and Class
289
Village Politics The Street Assembly
304
Class Struggle and Village Power Structure
318
Kirippūr
339
The Village
353
Economy and Class Structure
367
Village Politics The Caste Hindūs
389
The Communist Movement
396

Kumbapeṭṭai before 1855
174
Kumbapeṭṭai from 1855 to 1952
193
The Annual Round
213
Economics and Class Structure The Petty Bourgeoisie
235
Independent Commodity Producers and Traders
253
The Semiproletariat
260
Conclusion
407
Notes
421
Glossary
433
Bibliography
441
Index
447
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