The Cold War Politics of Genetic Research: An Introduction to the Lysenko Affair

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Springer Science & Business Media, Feb 12, 2012 - Science - 185 pages
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This book uses the reaction of a number of biologists in the United States and Great Britain to provide an overview of one of the most important controversies in Twentieth Century biology, the “Lysenko Affair.” The book is written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students of history/history of science. It covers a number of topics which are relevant to understanding the sources and dimensions of the Lysenko controversy, including the interwar eugenics movement, the Scopes Trial, the popularity of Lamarckism as a theory of heredity prior to the synthesis of genetics and Natural Selection, and the Cold War. The book focuses particularly on portrayals—both positive and negative—of Lysenko in the popular press in the U.S. and Europe, and thus by extension the relationship between scientists and society. Because the Lysenko controversy attracted a high level of interest among the lay community, it constitutes a useful historical example to consider in context with current topics that have received a similar level of attention, such as Intelligent Design or Climate Change.
  

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Contents

Chapter 1 MendelistMorganists and Michurinism
1
Chapter 2 Between World War and Cold War
29
Chapter 3 Reacting to Lysenko
57
Chapter 4 Acquired Characteristics
84
Chapter 5 The Spitzer Affair
111
Chapter 6 Pigs Wearing Booties Earn Scorn of Red Press
141
Epilogue Nikita and I have our difficulties
173
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About the author (2012)

Introduction,Chapter 1: Mendelist-Morganists and Michurinism, Chapter 2: Fly Lovers and People Haters, Chapter 3: The Eugenics Movement and First Encounters with Soviet Science Chapter 4: Vavilov , Chapter 5: Between World War and Cold War , Chapter 6: Debunking Lysenko, Chapter 7: The VASKhNIL Conference, Chapter 8: Acquired Characteristics, Chapter 9: "Apostle Trofim and the Gospel of St. Marx", Chapter 10: The Spitzer Affair, Chapter 11: "He must've realized how stupid it all was..." , Chapter 12: Pigs Wearing Booties Earn Scorn of Red Press, Chapter 13: French Say Chemical Injection May Change Heredity of Ducks, Chapter 14: "Nikita and I have our difficulties..." Conclusion

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