## Chemoton Theory: Theory of Living SystemsDr. Gánti has introduced Chemoton Theory to explain the origin of life. This first volume, Theoretical Foundations of Fluid Machineries, is a discussion of the theoretical foundations of fluid automata. It introduces quantitative methods - cycle stoichiometry and stoichiokinetics - in order to describe fluid automata with the methods of algebra, as well as their construction, starting from elementary chemical reactions up to the complex, program-directed, proliferating fluid automata, the chemotons. The second volume of the book is the Theory of Living Systems, the application of the theory of fluid automata on living systems. The volume proves, that chemotons possess the general properties of living systems and - at the same time - every living system has the same basic organisation as a chemoton. Volume Two develops on the basis of the chemoton theory, the processes of biogenesis and of the prebiotic evolution, up to the appearance of the enzymes and genes, i.e. up to the formation of prokaryote cells. Chemoton Theory outlines the development of a theoretical biology, based on exact quantitative considerations and the consequences of its application on biotechnology and on the artificial synthesis of living systems. |

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### Contents

Introduction | xvii |

Constructional Elements of Fluid Machines | xxv |

Coupling of chemical reactions | 11 |

Branchings | 16 |

ORtype branchings | 19 |

The Chemical Cycle | 20 |

Cycle stoichiometry | 23 |

Examples for the application of the rules | 25 |

Chemotons | 142 |

Chemoton coupling | 145 |

Stoichiometry | 147 |

Qualitative survey of operation | 148 |

Kinetics | 150 |

Computer study of operation | 153 |

Chemoton variants | 157 |

Outlines of SelfOrganizing Fluid Computers | 161 |

Generalization of cycle stoichiometry | 28 |

Kinetics of cycles | 29 |

An example for chemical cycles | 30 |

The catalytic nature of chemical cycles | 33 |

Enzyme reactions | 37 |

General considerations | 39 |

SelfReproducing Chemical Cycles | 41 |

Simple selfreproducing cycle | 42 |

Kinetics of selfreproducing cycles | 51 |

Selfconsuming cycles | 54 |

Template processes | 55 |

Example for calculating template polymerization | 59 |

Kinetics of template polymerization | 61 |

General remarks | 65 |

Compartmentalization | 66 |

Stoichiometry | 67 |

Formal kinetics of membrane growth | 68 |

Design of Simple Fluid Machines | 71 |

Coupling of cycles with one another | 74 |

Secondgeneration cycles | 82 |

Industrial applications | 89 |

Coupling of SelfReproducing Constituents | 95 |

The coupling of a selfreproducing cycle with a reaction chain | 99 |

Oscillating reaction systems | 101 |

fluid program control | 107 |

Industrial applications | 112 |

Proliferating Fluid Automata | 119 |

Definitions | 120 |

Examples | 122 |

Proliferating Microspheres | 125 |

Coupling Stoichiometry | 126 |

growth and division | 128 |

Kinetics | 132 |

Proliferating Fluid Clockworks | 135 |

Microsphere with an oscillating chemical system | 137 |

Proliferating fluid clockworks | 139 |

Constituents of Fluid Computers | 163 |

The Iswitch | 168 |

The Fswitch | 174 |

The Cswitch | 175 |

A possible way to realize the Cswitch | 178 |

Chemotons of limited proliferation | 181 |

The Basic Network | 186 |

Operation of the basic network | 189 |

Energy supply of the basic network | 191 |

Shape recognition by light sensitivity | 192 |

Shape recognition by touching | 196 |

Coupling of the basic network to other sensors | 197 |

General remarks | 199 |

Cogitator Networks | 200 |

Networks consisting of C and Gelements | 201 |

Basic cogitator network | 204 |

Secondary wiring | 205 |

Associative network | 207 |

The dream of the associative network | 208 |

Design of Cogitators | 210 |

Decoder subunit | 212 |

Simple cogitator | 216 |

The problem solving ability of the cogitator | 218 |

Cogitators with Time Coder | 220 |

Simple fluid clockwork | 223 |

Complex fluid clockwork | 225 |

Cogitator with clockwork | 226 |

Activity Sleeping and Death | 227 |

Selective control of operation | 228 |

Sleeping and dreaming | 231 |

Toward Fluid Robots | 235 |

Fluid robots | 237 |

References | 239 |

243 | |

### Common terms and phrases

### References from web pages

ENGLISH VERSION THE CHEMOTON THEORY SIGNIFICANCE CHEMICAL RESULTS **...**

use in chemoton theory, making the arithmetic characterization ... chemoton theory can be characterized mathematically and. calculated quantitatively. ...

www.chemoton.com/ the_chemoton_theory.pdf

Start Page

Chemoton Theory: The Fluid Automata Approach to Self-Replication. Chemical Evolution ... Ganti, T. Chemoton Theory Vol I and II. (2004) Kluwer. ...

www.cs.bham.ac.uk/ ~ctf/ Thesis/ Chapter1/ background.htm

CURRICULUM VITAE OF TIBOR GÁNTI BOOKS OF TIBOR GÁNTI THE CHEMOTON **...**

Chemoton Theory. Vol. 1. Theoretical Foundations of fluid. Machineries. ... Chemoton Theory. Vol. 2. Theory of Living Systems. ...

www.chemoton.com/ a_chemoton_elmelet.pdf

Detalle del Libro: Chemoton Theory, Volume 2: Theory of Living Systems

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The Chemoton: A Model for the Origin of Long RNA Templates.

(Ganti, 2003), “Chemoton Theory Vol I and II” (Ganti,. 2004), and to Tibor Csendes’ simulation of the ... Adapted from Fig 4.6 of Chemoton Theory Vol I. ...

www.informatics.sussex.ac.uk/ research/ groups/ ccnr/ Papers/ Downloads/ Fernando_AL2004.pdf

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Emergence of protocellular growth laws

conjectured by various authors (Gánti 2004 Chemoton theory). Our analysis also suggests that ..... Gánti, T. 2004 Chemoton theory. Dordrecht, The Nether- ...

journals.royalsociety.org/ index/ l4121g3231p51542.pdf

evolutionarypotentialandrequirements forminimalprotocells

Abstract Minimal protocell concepts have high intellectual and practical value. Following. chemoton theory, developed by Tibor Gánti in 1971, ...

www.springerlink.com/ index/ 5egltc1qbyy0f0eu.pdf

Chemoton Theory (2-Volume Set) (Mathematical and Computational **...**

紀伊國屋書店 Chemoton Theory (2-Volume Set) (Mathematical and Computational Chemistry) by Ganti, Tibor Plenum Pub Corp 税込価格:\0.

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