The International Ambitions of Mao and Nehru: National Efficacy Beliefs and the Making of Foreign Policy
Why do leaders sometimes challenge, rather than accept, the international structures that surround their states? In The International Ambitions of Mao and Nehru, Andrew Kennedy answers this question through in-depth studies of Chinese foreign policy under Mao Zedong and Indian foreign policy under Jawaharlal Nehru. Drawing on international relations theory and psychological research, Kennedy offers a new theoretical explanation for bold leadership in foreign policy, one that stresses the beliefs that leaders develop about the 'national efficacy' of their states. He shows how this approach illuminates several of Mao and Nehru's most important military and diplomatic decisions, drawing on archival evidence and primary source materials from China, India, the United States and the United Kingdom. A rare blend of theoretical innovation and historical scholarship, The International Ambitions of Mao and Nehru is a fascinating portrait of how foreign policy decisions are made.
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ability approach argued Army August Beijing Bomb border British CCP’s cease-fire challenge Chaoxian Zhanzheng chapter Chen clear communist conflict Congress cooperation December decision Delhi diplomacy diplomatic disarmament fighting foreign policy Gandhi Gopal Ibid India India Office Records India’s Nuclear intervention Jawaharlal Nehru Junshi Kashmir Korea Korean War leaders leadership Liu Shaoqi Liu’s Mao and Nehru Mao Zedong Mao’s Mao’s China martial confidence martial efficacy beliefs military moral efficacy beliefs national efficacy beliefs negotiations Nonetheless North Vietnam November nuclear weapons October one’s outcomes Pakistan Peace Peng Dehuai People’s political PRC’s prime minister question Relations restraint revolution role Sardar Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Second Series Security Council Selected Works ofJawaharlal Self-Efficacy sense of martial sense of moral Shen Soviet Union Stalin state’s strong sense Subsequently suggested superpowers Tibet troops United Nations University Press Vallabhbhai Patel Vietnam Wang warfare Zhou Enlai