Voices of Indian Freedom Movement, Volume 1; Volume 5
J. C. Johari
Akashdeep Publishing House, Jan 1, 1993 - India - 10740 pages
An Account Of The Rise And Growth Of Our Nationalism Looks Like A Bold And Cogent Refutation Of The Arguments Of The Makers And Defenders Of British Colonial Rule Who Contended With All Power Of Rhetoric At Their Command That There Never Was, Nor Could There Ever Be, A Thing Like India As A Nation, Or That The Alien Rule Would Lead To The Emergence Of Nationalism In A Backward Country Of The East. Obstinacy Yielded Place To Sheer Callousness And So They Never Liked To Grasp The Implications Of This Irrefutable Rule Of Politics That A System Of Empire-Building Inevitably And Irresistibly Generates The Sentiments And Forces Of Nationalism. The Birth Of The Indian National Congress In 1885 Demonstrated That The Indian National Movement Had Taken An Organised Form And Since Then Become The Symbol As Well As The Instrument Of, What The Silver-Tongued Orator Of India (Surendranath Banerjee) Called, A Nation In Making .The Precursors And Trend-Setters Of Indian Nationalism Regarded British Imperialism As An Ally, A Boon, An Ideal, Even A Divine Dispensation. The Well-Intentioned English Liberals Also Thought In Terms Of Creating And Developing Indian Nationalism As A Supportive And Constructive Force So As To Give A Humanized Form To Their System Of Colonialism. They Set The Trend Of What Came To Be Known A Sane And Constructive Nationalism . The Nationalist Leaders Of The Coming Generation Sought To Prove Themselves Loyal To This Trend. However, The Changed Conditions Of The Present Century Forced Them To Revise Their Line Of Thought And Action In Response To The Changed Nature Of The Colonial Rule. Thus, While The Former Declared Their Motto As Reforms, Not Revolution , The Latter Raised The Slogans Of Swaraj And Swadesh And Frankly Advocated The Ways Of Forceful Demonstration And Violent Agitation. The Freedom Struggle Underwent A Fundamental Change After The First Great War When Mahatma Gandhi Emerged On The National Scene Like A Peerless Leader. In A Very Short Time He Converted The Freedom Struggle Into A Genuine Mass Movement. Not Only That, He Bracketed The Case Of The Achievement Of The End With The Sanctity Of The Means To Be Adopted For That Purpose. The Use Of The Novel Techniques Of Ahimsa And Satyagraha Imparted A New Dimension To The Struggle For Nothing Short Of Complete Independence Having No Parallel In The History Of Any Other Country Of The World. The Leaders Belonging To The Aligarh Movement Adopted A Different Course That Let To The Making Of The Muslim League Which Had Its Achievement In The Unfortunate Partition Of The Country. The Liberals, The Hindu Maha Sabha, The Terrorists, And Other Leftist And Regional Organizations Played Their Own Part In The Freedom Struggle Of India.
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