Time and Narrative in Ancient Historiography: The 'Plupast' from Herodotus to Appian
Jonas Grethlein, Christopher B. Krebs
Cambridge University Press, Apr 19, 2012 - History - 257 pages
Historians often refer to past events which took place prior to their narrative's proper past- that is, they refer to a 'plupast'. This past embedded in the past can be evoked by characters as well as by the historian in his own voice. It can bring into play other texts, but can also draw on lieux de mémoire or on material objects. The articles assembled in this volume explore the manifold forms of the plupast in Greek and Roman historians from Herodotus to Appian. The authors demonstrate that the plupast is a powerful tool for the creation of historical meaning. Moreover, the acts of memory embedded in the historical narrative parallel to some degree the historian's activity of recording the past. The plupast thereby allows Greek and Roman historians to reflect on how (not) to write history and gains metahistorical significance. In shedding new light on the temporal complexity and the subtle forms of self-conscious reflection in the works of ancient historians, Time and Narrative in Ancient Historiography significantly enhances our understanding of their narrative art.
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Chapter 1 The historians plupast
Chapter 2 Speakers past and plupast
Chapter 3 The mythic plupast in Herodotus
Chapter 4 The use and abuse of history in the Plataean debate Thuc 35268
Chapter 5 The plupast in Xenophons Hellenica
Chapter 6 Magna mihi copia est memorandi
Chapter 7 Negotiating the plupast
Chapter 8 M Manlius Capitolinus
action Agesilaus allusion ancient Appian argue argument Athenians Athens audience battle Boedeker Caesar Capitolium Cato Cato’s chapter characters civil claim context contrast Croesus deeds Delcourt Dionysius discussion earlier embedded episode evokes example exempla exemplary further Greece Greek Grethlein Hellenica Heracles Herodotean Herodotus historian historian’s plupast historical narrative historiography Homer imitate inscription Italiae kaª Krebs literary Livy Livy’s Manlius Capitolinus Marincola Melians memory metahistorical metaphorical mimesis mimetic moral myth mythic past mythic plupast narrator nÓn oÉd ofthe passage Pausanias Pelling Pelopidas Peloponnesian perª Persian Wars perspective Pharsalus Philippi Pisistratus Plataean debate Plataeans plupast Plutarch Plutarchan Polybius Pompey Pompey’s pr¼v present readers recall recent reference republic rhetorical Rome Rome’s Romulus Sallust Sappho Scipio Sicels Socles Solon Spartans speakers speech story t¼n Tacitus tän Tegeans Thebans Thuc Thucydides toÆv toÓ tradition Trojan victory voice Xenophon Xerxes