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Appren apprentices apprenticeship AVERAGE WEEKLY WAGES BASED ON PAY BASED ON REPORTS Boston and Philadelphia Boston makers Boston stores Boston workers Bryn Mawr College busy season Census cities classified by occupation classified by type COMPLETE PAY ROLLS Cumulative statement customers delphia Department of Research department stores dressmaking dull season home milliner INDUSTRIAL UNION labor large number learn the trade length of employment less than $9 majority manufacturing ment Stores millinery parlors millinery school millinery stores millinery trade millinery workers months nominal wage nominal weekly wage number of workers Number Per Cent overtime parlor milliner Phila Philadelphia makers Philadelphia workers ployed pupils RECEIVING SPECIFIED WAGE rolls were obtained shops Sidney Webb snd less thsn spring season TABLE tion TOTAL ANNUAL EARNINGS total number TRADE FOR WOMEN trade school girls trimming type of establishment usually wage of less weekly wage throughout wholesale houses workers reporting workroom force
Page 76 - A mason or bricklayer, on the contrary, can work neither in hard frost nor in foul weather, and his employment at all other times depends upon the occasional calls of his customers. He is liable, in consequence, to be frequently without any. What he earns, therefore, while he is employed, must not only maintain him while he is idle, but make him some compensation for those anxious and desponding" moments which the thought of so precarious a situation must sometimes occasion.
Page 14 - And as a rule the certainty of moderate success attracts more than an expectation of an uncertain success that has an equal actuarial value. "But on the other hand, if an occupation offers a few extremely high prizes, its attractiveness is increased out of all proportion to their aggregate...
Page 1 - This is the employment of persons who would otherwise be idle, and in many cases a burthen on the community, either from the bias of temper, habit, infirmity of body, or some other cause, indisposing or disqualifying them for the toils of the country. It is worthy of particular remark that, in general, women and children are rendered more useful, and the latter more early useful, by manufacturing establishments, than they would otherwise be.
Page 10 - In all these instances the efficiency of the services rendered by the young persons or women is being kept up out of the earnings of some other class. These trades are therefore as clearly receiving a subsidy as if the workers in them were being given a "rate in aid of wages.
Page 6 - Manufactures for 1905 was the first in which the canvass was confined to establishments conducted under what is known as the factory system, excluding the neighborhood industries and hand trades.
Page i - VOLUME II. Labor Laws and their Enforcement, with Special Reference to Massachusetts. By Charles E. Persons, Mabel Parton, Mabelle Moses and Three "Fellows.
Page 5 - Statistics of women at u-ort, 1900. At the census of 1900 there were 82,936 women reported as milliners in continental United States, and the occupation was fourteenth in rank among the pursuits in which women are engaged as breadwinners. Millinery is preeminently a woman's occupation, 94.4 per cent of all the milliners being women. Only two occupations had a larger proportion of women — that of dressmaker, with 97.5 per cent, and that of housekeeper and stewardess, with 94.7 per cent. These three...
Page 11 - But in thus deteriorating the physique, intelligence, and character of their operatives, they are drawing on the capital stock of the nation. And even if the using up is not actually so rapid as to prevent the "sweated^' workers from producing a new generation to replace them, the trade is none the less parasitic. In persistently deteriorating the stock it employs it is subtly draining away the vital energy of the community. It is taking...
Page 46 - September 7 . September 14 . September 21 . September 28 . October 5 . October 12 . October 19 . October 26 . November 2 . November 9 November 16 . November 23 November 30 . December 7 December 14 . December 21 December 28 . Department Store A B C Total Wholesale Shop A.
Page i - A Study of the Incomes and Expenditures of 450 Wage-earning Women in the City of Boston. By Louise Marion Bosworth, Fellow in the Department of Research. Edited with an introduction by F. Spencer Baldwin, Ph.D., Boston University. 1911. 8vo. Cloth. Price, $1.00 net. Postage extra.