A Reference Grammar of Modern Standard Arabic

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Cambridge University Press, Aug 25, 2005 - Foreign Language Study - 708 pages
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A Reference Grammar of Modern Standard Arabic is a comprehensive handbook on the structure of Arabic. Keeping technical terminology to a minimum, it provides a detailed yet accessible overview of Arabic in which the essentials of its phonology, morphology and syntax can be readily looked up and understood. Accompanied by extensive examples, it will prove an invaluable practical guide for supporting students' textbooks, classroom work or self-study, and will also be a useful resource for scholars and professionals wishing to develop an understanding of the key features of the language.
 

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Contents

Introduction to Arabic l
1
An overview of Arabic language history
2
The modern period
4
Arabic today
5
Phonology and script
10
Names and shapes of the letters
11
pronunciation and description
12
Vowels
25
Verb classes
429
awzaan alficl JiJI Ijjl
433
a summary
438
compound verbs qad and verb strings
446
The base form triliteral verb
455
Regular sound triliteral root ail alSaHHH alsaalim JLJI j H JjiJI
456
Geminate verb root alficl almuDaccaf AJI JiJI
458
Hamzated verb root alficl almahmuuz jaaII JiJI
460

full form and pause form
34
MSA syllable structure
35
Word stress rules
36
Defmiteness and indefiniteness markers
40
an overview
44
the Arabic rootpattern system
45
root and pattern combined
49
Other lexical types
50
an overview of grammatical categories in Arabic
51
paradigms
55
special inflectional categories in Arabic
56
Basic Arabic sentence structures
57
Arabic noun types
74
active and passive
102
gender humanness number definiteness and case
119
Construct phrases and nouns in apposition
205
Nouns in apposition badal JAJ
224
Noun specifiers and quantifiers
228
Expressions of limited number nonspecific number or partiality
230
Expressions of more most and majority
234
Scope of quantifier agreement
235
Nonquantitative specifiers
236
function and form
239
Predicate adjectives
240
Arabic adjective inflection
241
The adjective iDaafa the false JiDaafa JiDaafa ghayr Haqiiqiyya 2_ a_ 5 AJL 1
253
Adjective derivation the structure of Arabic adjectives
254
Derivation patterns from Form I triliteral roots
255
Quadriliteral root adjective patterns
258
relative adjectives alnisba Ml
261
Color adjectives
270
Nonderived adjectives
273
Compound adjectives
274
Adverbs and adverbial expressions
276
Adverbs of degree
277
Adverbs of manner
281
Place adverbials
288
Time adverbials
290
Numerical adverbials
295
Adverbial accusative of cause or reason almafcuul liJajlihi almafcuul lahu J JxiJI
296
Adverbs as speech acts
297
Personal pronouns
298
Demonstrative pronouns
315
Relative pronouns and relative clauses
322
Numerals and numeral phrases
329
Prepositions and prepositional phrases
366
Questions and question words
401
maa L and maadhaa I jLo what
403
man who whom
405
Connectives and conjunctions
407
waandwaawalcaTfikJljlj
409
a_i and so and then yet and thus
410
Contrastive conjunctions
411
Explanatory conjunctions
412
Adverbial conjunctions
413
Disjunctives
417
Sentencestarting connectives
419
the particle inna and her sisters
422
The particles
425
Hollow root alflcl alajwaf j VI JiJI
461
Defective verb root alficl alnaaqiS 0iVli JjlUI
463
Doubly weak or mixed verb root
464
Verbal nouns of Form I
465
Form I participles
470
Form II
491
Regular sound triliteral root
492
Assimilated roots in Form II
493
Doubly weak roots in Form II
494
Form II participles
496
Form in triliteral verb
503
Geminate doubled root Form III
504
Assimilated roots in Form III
505
Doubly weak roots in Form III
506
Form IV triliteral verb
515
Regular sound triliteral root
516
Hamzated roots in Form IV
517
Defective roots in Form IV
518
Examples of Form IV verbs in context
519
Form IV participles
521
Form V triliteral verb
530
Regular sound triliteral root
531
Assimilated roots in Form V
532
Doubly weak roots in Form V
533
Form V participles
534
Form VI triliteral verb
543
Geminate doubled root Form VI
544
Assimilated roots in Form VI
545
Form VI verbal noun
546
Form VI participles
547
Form vn triliteral verb
555
Regular sound triliteral root
556
Assimilated roots in Form VII
557
Form VII participles
558
Form vm triliteral verb
565
Regular or sound roots
568
Assimilated roots in Form VIII
569
Verbal nouns of Form VIII
570
Form VIII participles
571
Form K triliteral verb
579
Geminate doubled roots Form IX
580
Form IX participles
581
Form X triliteral verb
584
Soundregular root
585
Defective roots in Form X
586
Form X participles
587
Forms XIXV triliteral verb
596
if awwala Jjx I yafcawwilu Jjaaj
597
Quadriliteral verbs
599
indicative and subjunctive
606
jussive and imperative
616
Verbs of being becoming remaining seeming
634
Negation and exception
641
Passive and passivetype expressions
657
Conditional and optative expressions
671
How to use an Arabic dictionary
677
References
691
Index
701
Copyright

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About the author (2005)

Karin C. Ryding is Sultan Qaboos bin Said Professor of Arabic, Department of Arabic Language, Literature and Linguistics, Georgetown University.

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