Analysis to Synthesis: The Development of Complex Verb Morphology in the Dravidian Language
Analysis to Synthesis introduces the process of Compound Verb Contraction to analyze the genesis of synthetic verb forms in the Dravidian languages. Contraction provides an explanation for their development from analytic forms by creating a paradigm of historical evolution that utilizes the formal and functional attributes of both the earlier and later forms. Triggered by a variety of different factors, Contraction guides the evolution of complex verb forms by using markedness relations to correlate their morphological, syntactic, and lexical dimensions. An original work in comparative Dravidian linguistics, Analysis to Synthesis provides etymologies for fifteen conjugations which have hitherto resisted explanation. All fifteen show the same general development, allowing us to extract a common historical pattern and clarify the reconstruction of Proto-Dravidian typology. Thanks to Contraction, the verb morphology and syntax of the protolanguage, as well as its lexical structure, are shown to exhibit a relatively analytic structure. Because it correlates general dimensions of linguistic structure, Contraction may readily be applied to languages beyond the Dravidian family. Detailed and closely argued, this study provides a model for the analysis of similar forms in other languages and language families.
The Dravidian Languages
Linguistic features of Dravidian
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a-ninr Affix Truncation allomorphs alternation analysis appears apply auxiliary compound verb auxiliary verb become Burrow and Bhattacharya chapter Class I verbs clitic cognate Compound Verb Contraction construction contracted form DEDR Deletion derivation Dravidian languages echo compound verb echo syllable Emeneau etymology example finite verb function Gondi grammar historical inflected inflected form k)kinr Kannada Kolami Konda Kurux Kuvi linguistic ma-Deletion main verb Manda markedness morphological morphotactic motion particle Muria Gondi negative compound verb negative verb nonpast negative nonpast tense noun objective conjugation Old Tamil Parji past negative past tense marker Pengo periphrastic person plural person singular personal ending phonological plural action form plural action marker plural action verb present perfect tense present tense form proposal Proto-Dravidian protolanguage reconstruction reflexive rule second person semantic serial verb south-central subgroup Steever structure subject-verb agreement suffix syntactic Telugu tense marker transition particle Tulu verb base verb stem verbal vowel word boundary