Anionic Surfactants: Organic Chemistry
Helmut W. Stache
CRC Press, Sep 13, 1995 - Science - 720 pages
This work presents a comprehensive survey of important anionic surfactants. It delineates current manufacturing technologies, methods of analysis, practical applications, environmental behaviour and the physicochemical and toxicological properties of surfactants and their related by-products. The uses of anionic surfactants in the cleaning, cosmetic, textile, leather, food, petroleum, metalworking and paper industries, are encompassed.
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History Manufacture Analysis
Physical Properties and Behavior of Linear Alkylbenzenesulfonates
Alcohol and Alcohol Ether Sulfates
a-sulfo fatty acid active matter adsorption agents alcohol ether sulfates alcohol sulfates alkane alkanesulfonates alkyl alkyl chain alkylbenzene anionic anionic surfactants benzene biodegradation calcium carbon chain carboxylic acids catalyst cationic chain length Chem Chemical chloride chromatography compounds concentration containing detergent determined diesters distillation effect ester sulfonates ether carboxylic acids ethoxylated ethylene oxide fatty acid fatty acid esters fatty alcohol foam formulations hard water Hexadecyl homologs hydrocarbons hydrogen hydrolysis hydrophobic interface isomers lauryl lime soap dispersing linear liquid LSDA method methyl esters micelle mixture molecular weight molecule monoester neutralization nonionic obtained Octadecyl Oil Chem olefins paraffin phase phosphoric acid properties ratio reaction reactor sample sodium dodecyl sulfate solubility solvent stability sulfonates sulfosuccinate sulfur trioxide sulfuric acid surface tension surfactants Table temperature Tenside Surf Tetradecyl tion titration toxicity U.S. Patent values water hardness