This book on 'Aromatic Plants' contains seven chapters. Introductory chapter on 'History, importance and scope of aromatic plants' deals with the importance of aromatic crops and their close association with human health and beauty care from time immemorial. History of development of cultivation and aroma based industries in different regions of the world is described to emphasize their significance, scope and role in increasing the quality of human life. Classification of aromatic plants based on their climatic requirement, growth habit and floral morphology elaborated in succeeding chapter will be of great interest to students, researchers and farmers. Chapter on 'Extraction of aroma principles' describes traditional as well as modern techniques employed for efficient extraction of volatile oils and oleo-resins from different plants materials and equipments employed for the purpose. Quality of oil is found to vary significantly with ecotypes, season, time of collection, crop maturity and weather conditions prevailing during the growth period, extraction method and duration of extraction process. Conditions and duration of storage also have a bearing on quality of essential oil. This necessitates development and imposition of appropriate quality standards in trade. These aspects are covered in fourth chapter on 'Quality assurance of essential oils'. Aromatic oils & their derivatives and combinations occupy a covetable position in holistic medicines such as aromatherapy. Chapter on 'Aromatherapy' details the use of essential oils in human health care, techniques employed, aromatherapy message, aromatic bath, facial care, hair care etc. Information on aromatic oil's vide spread application to relieve stress and rejuvenate body are also included. Sixth and seventh chapters deal with major and other sources of aromatic oils. Under major sources, 17 aromatic crops and under other sources, 25 crops and discussed in detail. These chapters include the common name, botanical name and synonyms if any and family, vernacular names, importance and uses, habitat and distribution, agro technology, soil, climate, season, land preparation, planting, seed rate and spacing manurial and fertilizer recommendation, irrigation, weed control, pest control, harvest, propagation techniques, herbal yield, extraction and utilization, oil recovery, oil composition, properties of oil, storage requirements etc.
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Acid value alcohol areas aroma chemicals aromatherapy aromatic aromatic and medicinal aromatic plants attar bark camphor carvone caryophyllene cedar wood oil chamomile cineole cinnamon citral citronella citronellal cm long colour constituents cultivated cuttings dried essential oil Eucalyptus eugenol Extraction and utilisation flavour flowers fragrance fresh fruits geraniol germination grass grown grows growth Habitat and distribution harvested herb India Indian Perfumer infections irrigation jasmine Kerala Agricultural University Kewda kg/ha lavender leaf oil leaves lemongrass limonene linalool linalyl acetate marigold Medicinal and Aromatic methyl obtained Ocimum odour oil contains oil content oil yield Optical rotation Palmarosa patchouli perfumery Physico-chemical properties Pradesh production propagated properties of oil Refractive index Research rhizomes roots Rosemary sandalwood scented Scientific name seed oil seedlings skin soaps soil Solubility solvent species Specific gravity Spices spraying steam distillation stem Tamil tea tree Thyme tonnes tonnes/ha transplanted tropical Vernacular names Vetiver volatile oil weed yellow