Behavioral Issues in Autism

Harapang Pabalat
Springer Science & Business Media, Mar 31, 1994 - 295 mga pahina
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Division TEACCH, a statewide program in North Carolina, serves people with autism and their families through the School of Medicine at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. TEACCH was one of the first, and remains one of the most comprehensive and effective, programs in the world working with this population. Over the years the puzzling and unusual behavior problems these children present have been among the most interesting and challenging of the enigmas parents and professionals confront. This book is designed to provide information on these behaviors that will be relevant and useful. As with the preceding books in our series, Current Issues in Autism, this volume is based in part on one of the annual TEACCH Conferences held in Chapel Hill in May. The books are not simply published proceedings of the conference papers. Instead, conference participants are asked to develop full-length chapters around their presentations. Other international experts, whose work is beyond the scope of each conference but related to its major theme, are asked to contribute chapters as well. These volumes provide the most up-to-date information on research and professional practice available on the most important issues in autism.
 

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INTRODUCTION TO BEHAVIORAL ISSUES IN AUTISM
3
Introduction
4
Assessment Issues
5
Treatment Issues
6
Special Issues
8
References
10
GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF BEHAVIOR MANAGEMENT
11
The Behavioral Perspective
13
Working with Families of Normative Needs
168
Families with Special Needs
169
Conclusions and Summary
172
References
173
THE IMPACT OF STRESS AND ANXIETY ON INDIVIDUALS WITH AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES
177
Definition of Stress and Anxiety
178
Stress and Stressors in the General Population
179
Maladaptive Behaviors and Their Relationship to Stress
182

Behavioral Assessment
14
Specific Behavioral Procedures
15
Current Issues and Trends in the Behavioral Treatment of Autism
25
Concluding Comments
34
ADMINISTRATIVE ISSUES INVOLVING BEHAVIORAL APPROACHES IN AUTISM
39
Administrative Considerations in Implementing Behavioral Programs to Treat Challenging Behavior
40
Clinical and Social Considerations Guiding Intervention Efforts
46
Guidelines for Promoting Systemic Change
51
Conclusion
52
References
53
BEHAVIORAL PROPERTIES FOR AUTISM AND RELATED DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS
55
North Carolinas TEACCH Model
56
Obstacles to Optimum Individualized Treatment
58
Enduring Treatment Principles and Concepts
68
Summary and Conclusions
74
References
75
Assessment Issues
79
SELFMANAGEMENT OF PROBLEMATIC SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
81
Characteristics of Autism Requiring Extended Treatment Efforts
82
SelfRegulation of Behavior
87
Summary
93
References
94
DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS AND BROAD EFFECTS OF THE ENVIRONMENT OF LEARNING AND TREATMENT EFFECTIVENESS
99
General Process Assumptions
101
Individual Factors
106
Setting Factors
110
Customs Rules and Regulations
121
The Case for Environmental Impact Statements
122
References
124
Treatment Issues
129
ASSESSMENT AND TREATMENT OF SELFINJURIOUS BEHAVIOR
131
Etiology and Maintaining Variables
132
Pretreatment Considerations
135
LearningBased Approaches to Treatment
145
Other Treatment Approaches
151
Summary
153
References
154
TREATMENT OF FAMILY PROBLEMS IN AUTISM
161
The Impact of the Childs Autism on the Family
162
The ABCX Model of Family Functioning
164
Fostering Adaptive Coping Strategies
185
Case Examples
187
Advantages of Designing Interventions to Reduce Stress and Anxiety
189
Summary
190
STRUCTURED TEACHING
195
Physical Organization
196
Schedules
198
Individual Work Systems
200
Visual Structure
201
Routines
203
Teaching Methods
204
Summary
206
References
207
Special Issues
209
ISSUES IN THE USE OF AVERSIVES FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION FOR AUTISTIC AND OTHER DEVELOP...
211
Confusion over Definition
212
Conflict between Advocates and Professionals
214
Concepts as Ideologies
215
Data and Testimonials
219
Freedom of Treatment Choice
220
Future Directions
221
Conclusions
223
SOME CHARACTERISTICS OF NONAVERSIVE INTERVENTION FOR SEVERE BEHAVIOR PROBLEMS
227
Functional Assessment and HypothesisDriven Intervention
231
Antecedent and CurriculumBased Interventions
234
Increasing Personal Control and Choice
237
Summary
241
THE EDEN DECISION MODEL A DECISION MODEL WITH PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF BEHAVIOR DECE...
247
Component IDetermination of Need
248
Component IIFunctional Analysis of Environmental Conditions
252
Component IIIFunctional Analysis of the Curricular Component
256
Component IVDifferential Reinforcement
258
Component VDevelopment of an Aversive Decelerative Procedure EDM Case Study
262
EDM Case Study
265
Discussion
272
References
274
ABOUT INDEX
277
SUBJECT INDEX
285
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Tungkol sa may-akda (1994)

Mesibov is Professor and Director, Division TEACCH, Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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