Bengal Divided: Hindu Communalism and Partition, 1932-1947

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Cambridge University Press, Jun 6, 2002 - History - 324 pages
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Whereas previous studies of the end of British rule in India have concentrated on the negotiations of the transfer of power at the all-India level or have considered the emergence of separatist politics amongst India's Muslim minorities, this study provides a re-evaluation of the history of Bengal focusing on the political and social processes that led to the demand for partition in Bengal and tracing the rise of Hindu communalism. In its most startling revelation, the author shows how the demand for a separate homeland for the Hindus, which was fuelled by a large and powerful section of Hindu society within Bengal, was seen as the only way to regain influence and to wrest power from the Muslim majority. The picture which emerges is one of a stratified and fragmented society moving away from the mainstream of Indian nationalism, and increasingly preoccupied with narrower, more parochial concerns.

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This is a silly and biased view. First how could she term it as Hindu communalism! Sitting at Oxford/Cambridge one may utter this lopsided comment without having to undergo the suffering of millions of Hindus at the hands of Muslims who were uprooted from East Bengal that was their motherland from time immemorial. For neither Communal Award of Ramsay or Poona Pact of between Ambedkar and Gandhi, the root of all evils, Upper caste Hindus were not taken into confidence they were never given a fair hearing. The 1/5th of the total electorate was too meager and unjustified. Where 55% per cent got 48% 455 Hindus got only 31%. So the seed of communalism if any in Bengal is due to the strong Muslim lobby and the machinations of Gandhi-Ambedkar. Please answer.
Sudip Narayan Ghosh

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I find this book very handy to understand the causes of bangla dividation. During British Raj Bangla precedency was divided once in 1905, than intellectuals politicians strongly oppose that seperation. but after few years of Critical political and economical circumstances, it become imminent to partition. But this time now initiative was taken by the gurus.
and this book explain why


List of maps
List of tables
List of abbreviations
Bengal politics and the Communal Award
The emergence of the mofussil in Bengali politics
The reorientation of the Bengal Congress 193745
The construction of bhadralok communal identity culture and communalism in Bengal
Hindu unity and Muslim tyranny aspects of Hindu bhadralok politics 193647
The second partition of Bengal 194547

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