Biodiesel: The Comprehensive Handbook

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Martin Mittelbach, 2004 - Biodiesel fuels - 332 pages
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I have thought that it would be worthwhile to introduce you to TOMS (Triglycerides of Modified Structure) a “novel” bio fuel methodology invented and patented by Dr Janos Thesz. The Bio Diesel industry in the EU and globally is ham strung by a standard EN 14214 that entirely excludes product of superior quality, improved energy utility and sustainability from being accredited as Bio Diesel.
Our product is most acceptable to the standby generator and home fuels market while being commercially excluded from the transport fuels and blending markets. Across Europe, not necessarily due to lack of demand, lack of feedstock’s nor quality of production Bio Diesel installed manufacturing plant capacity is operating at less than 50% productivity. This for the most part because there is an inability to compete with lower cost imports from Argentina and SE Asia and that FAME production methodology is a waste producing process; hence expensive.
Within the UK Scotland may present the best location for establishing a complete “least cost” Oil Seed Rape agriculture to manufactured TOMS outputs. It may be that Scotland’s executive would appreciate a Bio Diesel that could be 100% manufactured using Scottish ingredients.
We think we need an EN standard for TOMS Bio Diesel so that we can more easily forge commercial linkages. The TOMS methodology retains glycerol within the backbone of the fuel type hence our fuel does not meet the current EN 14214 standard, below you will understand that TOMS exceeds the standard.
Your review of our situation and suggestions would be appreciated.
Kindest Regards
Dr Clive Richardson.
TOMS-Biodiesel: a Patented novel 100% green petrodiesel substitute methodology:
In addition to the below TOMS details we are aware of the continuing demand for bio diesel FAME producers to improve their product, possibly by distillation. Our view is that is is an expensive proposition. In fact it is possible, using TOMS methodology to produce TOMS or FAEE, FAME and even low calorie food oils 50:50 ratio; again with zero waste or additional high distillation costs. Further, we are aware from conversations with process engineering specialists (DeSmet Ballestra) that the design, build, operation of a TOMS facility would be up to 30% less expensive that costs associated with traditional FAME plants.
“Our objective is to seek out opportunity to commercialise the Patented TOMS methodology”.
TOMS-Biodiesel: a Patented novel 100% green petrodiesel substitute methodology:
It is well known from EU directive 30/2009 that blending of conventional biodiesel (FAME) into petrodiesel has been limited to 7% (article [4], Appendix II.) “owing to technical considerations” (article [33]). It is also evident for any professional of the art that “neat” (unblended) FAME’s on account of their high cloud points (this being - 4C in the case of rapeseed based FAME) are inapplicable in diesel engines in moderate-climate countries. So it seems that the life cycle of first generation petrodiesel both as an additive/substitute has reached the decline stage.
As to the second generation diesel substitutes and relating processes (in general, the BTL processes, e.g. Neste’s NExBTL method, but also biomass-based Fischer-Tropsch syntheses, or pyrolytic procedures, in short: “thermochemical pathways”), have thus far failed to produce viable alternatives, for a variety of reasons (the pertaining products – e.g. “non-ester biodiesel” -- themselves otherwise not being subject to limitations, unlike FAME’s, see again in point [33] of EU directive 30/2009). e.g. consider extreme reaction conditions (energy-intensive, high pressure/temperature parameters, multi-step reactions, isomerisation, use of huge volumes of fossil derived hydrogen, cost and recovery cost of precious-metal catalysts, loss of approximately 20% feedstock in the hydrotreatment/pyrolytic process in the form of carbon dioxide and water, high investment, equipment and operating costs, etc


List of Abbreviations
Chemical principles of transesterification
Alternative applications of fatty acid methyl esters

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