Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes

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Gulf Professional Publishing, Jul 26, 2001 - Technology & Engineering - 356 pages
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In Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes, readers find a handy and valuable source of information containing insights into petrochemical reactions and products, process technology, and polymer synthesis. The book reviews and describes the reactions and processes involved in transforming petroleum-based hydrocarbons into the chemicals that form the basis of the multi-billion dollar petrochemical industry. In addition, the book includes information on new process developments for the production of raw materials and intermediates for petrochemicals that have surfaced since the book's first edition.



Provides a quick understanding of the chemical reactions associated with oil and gas processing

Contains insights into petrochemical reactions and products, process technology, and polymer synthesis
 

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Contents

s
4
Hydrocarbon Intermediates
29
Figure 23 Flow diagram of the Mobil xylene isomerization process1
40
Crude Oil Processing and
49
CH3
65
h
69
Cracking
94
Preheat
100
nn
220
C4 Oleffins and Diolefins
238
rH
241
Chemicals Based on Benzene
262
Si rcnc
264
liJlrirlrfl
274
n
289
X
290

Nonhydrocarbon
111
Chemicals Based on Methane
135
as
152
en
156
Ethane and Higher
169
4
170
+
173
n
179
Chemicals Based on Ethylene
188
U
193
HYDROGENATION
208
I
210
Chemicals Based on Propylene
213
The ratio of the chloride mixture mainly derives from the
292
Polymerization
301
Synthetic PetroleumBased
323
oKyo0+
338
Properties and Uses of Phenolic Resins
348
m
355
a
358
1
361
tion reaction is slower than for caprolactam Higher temperatures are
366
Conversion Factors
374
Selected Properties of
376
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Page 20 - F. compared to the weight of the same volume of water measured at the same temperature. A solution which is 10 Balling is 1.04022 times as heavy as water. A juice which contains 20.24 percent sugar will, with good commercial fermentation, yield 13 percent alcohol by volume. However, Juices contain soluble matter which is not sugar and does not produce alcohol. This non-sugar content...
Page 21 - The pour point of a crude oil or product is the lowest temperature at which an oil is observed to flow under the conditions of the test.

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