Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes
Elsevier, Jul 26, 2001 - Technology & Engineering - 356 pages
In Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes, readers find a handy and valuable source of information containing insights into petrochemical reactions and products, process technology, and polymer synthesis. The book reviews and describes the reactions and processes involved in transforming petroleum-based hydrocarbons into the chemicals that form the basis of the multi-billion dollar petrochemical industry. In addition, the book includes information on new process developments for the production of raw materials and intermediates for petrochemicals that have surfaced since the book's first edition.
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Chapter Three Crude Oil Processing and Production of Hydrocarbon Intermediates
Chapter Four Nonhydrocarbon Intermediates
Chapter Five Chemicals Based on Methane
Chapter Six Ethane and Higher ParaffinsBased Chemicals
Chapter Seven Chemicals Based on Ethylene
Chapter Eight Chemicals Based on Propylene
Chapter Nine C4 Olefins and DiolefinsBased Chemicals
Chapter Ten Chemicals Based on Benzene Toluene and Xylenes
Chapter Eleven Polymerization
Chapter Twelve Synthetic PetroleumBased Polymers
Selected Properties of Hydrogen Important C1C10 Paraffins Methylcyclopentane and Cyclohexane
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1-butene acetic acid acetone acrylic acrylonitrile alcohol alkylation allyl ammonia approximately aromatics atmospheres benzene billion pounds butadiene butane carbon catalyst catalytic cracking catalytic reforming Chapter chemicals chloride coke compounds condensation copolymers cracking units crude oils cyclohexane dehydrogenation dioxide distillation ethylbenzene ethylene glycol ethylene oxide feed feedstock fibers Figure formaldehyde fractions free radical fuel gas oil gases gasoline heat higher Hydrocarbon Hydrocarbon Processing hydrocracking hydrogen important intermediate isobutane isobutylene isomerization isoprene liquid liquid-phase maleic anhydride metal methane methanol methyl mixture molecular weight molecules monomer MTBE n-butane n-paraffins naphtha naphthenic natural gas nitrogen nylon obtained octane olefins oxygen p-xylene paraffins Petrochemical Handbook petroleum phenol plastics polyesters polyethylene polymer polymerization polypropylene presence pressure process for producing propane properties ratio reaction occurs reactive reactor reacts recycled residues resins rubber separation soluble solvent steam cracking styrene sulfur synthesis gas synthetic temperature thermoplastic tion toluene U.S. production vinyl yield
Page 20 - F. compared to the weight of the same volume of water measured at the same temperature. A solution which is 10° Balling is 1.04022 times as heavy as water. A juice which contains 20.24 percent sugar will, with good commercial fermentation, yield 13 percent alcohol by volume. However, Juices contain soluble matter which is not sugar and does not produce alcohol. This non-sugar content...