Compensation of Modal Dispersion in Multimode Fiber Systems Using Adaptive Optics Via Convex Optimization
Next, we experimentally compare the proposed adaptive algorithms in 50-mum graded-index (GRIN) MMFs using a liquid-crystal SLM. We show that continuous-phase sequential coordinate ascent (CPSCA) gives better bit-error-ratio performance than 2- or 4-phase sequential coordinate ascent, in concordance with simulations. We evaluate the bandwidth characteristics of CPSCA, and show that a single SLM is able to simultaneously compensate over up to 9 wavelength-division-multiplexed (WDM) 10-Gb/s channels, spaced by 50 GHz, over a total bandwidth of 450 GHz. We also show that CPSCA is able to compensate for modal dispersion over up to 2.2 km, even in the presence of mid-span connector offsets up to 4 mum (simulated in experiment by offset splices). A known non-adaptive launching technique using a fusion-spliced single-mode-to-multimode patchcord is shown to fail under these conditions.
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