The period in which we live is marked by increasingly frequent and intense cultural encounters of all kinds. However we react to it, the global trend towards mixing or hybridization is impossible to miss, from curry and chips – recently voted the favourite dish in Britain - to Thai saunas, Zen Judaism, Nigerian Kung Fu, "Bollywood" films or salsa or reggae music. Some people celebrate these phenomena, whilst others fear or condemn them. No wonder, then, that theorists such as Homi Bhabha, Stuart Hall, Paul Gilroy, and Ien Ang, have engaged with hybridity in their work and sought to untangle these complex events and reactions; or that a variety of disciplines now devote increasing attention to the works of these theorists and to the processes of cultural encounter, contact, interaction, exchange and hybridization. In this concise book, leading historian Peter Burke considers these fascinating and contested phenomena, ranging over theories, practices, processes and events in a manner that is as wide-ranging and vibrant as the topic at hand.
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Aby Warburg adaptation African Gods American analyse anthropologist appropriation artefacts borrowing Brazil Brazilian called Cambridge Candomblé Catholic China Chinese Christianity Claude Lévi-Strauss concept converted creolization critics cult cultural encounters cultural exchange cultural hybridity cultural interaction cultural translation deﬁned described difﬁcult diglossia discussed English trans especially essay Europe European example famous Fernando Ortiz ﬁlms ﬁnd ﬁrst foreign Franz Cumont French frontier fusion German Gilberto Freyre global groups Hannerz Herskovits historians homogenization hybrid idea imitation Indian inﬂuenced instance Islam Italian Japan Japanese Jews kind Latin linguistic London metaphor Mexico Michel de Certeau missionaries mixed language models modiﬁed Muslim nineteenth novel oicotype one’s Ottoman Empire Paris Paul Ricoeur Peter Burke Portuguese puriﬁcation religion Renaissance resistance sakoku São Paulo scholars similar point sixteenth century social Spanish style syncretism term tion Toynbee traditions tural ture tury twentieth century Umbanda West Western words writer