Density-Functional Theory of Atoms and Molecules

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Oxford University Press, May 26, 1994 - Science - 352 pages
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This book is a rigorous, unified account of the fundamental principles of the density-functional theory of the electronic structure of matter and its applications to atoms and molecules. Containing a detailed discussion of the chemical potential and its derivatives, it provides an understanding of the concepts of electronegativity, hardness and softness, and chemical reactivity. Both the Hohenberg-Kohn-Sham and the Levy-Lieb derivations of the basic theorems are presented, and extensive references to the literature are included. Two introductory chapters and several appendices provide all the background material necessary beyond a knowledge of elementary quantum theory. The book is intended for physicists, chemists, and advanced students in chemistry.
 

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Contents

1 Elementary wave mechanics
3
2 Density matrices
20
3 Densityfunctional theory
47
4 The chemical potential
70
5 Chemical potential derivatives
87
6 ThomasFermi and related models
105
Basic principles
142
Elaboration
169
Functionals
246
Convex functions and functionals
255
Second quantization for fermions
259
The Wigner distribution function and the h semiclassical expansion
265
The uniform electron gas
271
Tables of values of electronegativities and hardnesses
276
The review literature of densityfunctional theory
281
Bibliography
285

9 Extensions
201
10 Aspects of atoms and molecules
218
11 Miscellany
237

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Page i - FRS THE INTERNATIONAL SERIES OF MONOGRAPHS ON CHEMISTRY 1. JD Lambert: Vibrational and rotational relaxation in gases 2. NG Parsonage and LAK Staveley: Disorder in crystals 3. GC Maitland, M. Rigby, EB Smith, and WA Wakeham: Intermolecular forces: their origin and determination 4. WG Richards, HP Trivedi, and DL Cooper: Spin-orbit coupling in molecules 5. CF Cullis and MM Hirschler: The combustion of organic polymers 6. RT Bailey, AM North, and RA Pethrick: Molecular motion in high polymers 7.
Page 296 - Correlation energy correction as a density functional. A model of the pair distribution function and its application to the first- and second-row atoms and hydrides. Chem. Phys.
Page 295 - B 12: 2111-2120. Golden, S. (1957a). Statistical theory of many-electron systems. General considerations pertaining to the Thomas-Fermi theory. Phys. Rev. 105: 604615. Golden, S. (1957b). Statistical theory of many-electron systems. Discrete bases of representation. Phys. Rev. 107: 1283-1290. Golden, S. (1960). Statistical theory of electronic energies. Rev. Mod. Phys. 32: 322-327. Goldstein, JA and Rieder, GR (1987). A rigorous modified Thomas-Fermi theory for atomic systems.
Page 294 - Behavior of the chemical potential of neutral atoms in the limit of large nuclear charge.

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