Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling: Applications in Environmental Management and Research
Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling: Applications in Environmental Management and Research, Fourth Edition, provides a comprehensive discussion of the fundamental principles of ecological modeling. The first two editions of this book (published in 1986 and 1994) focused on the roots of the discipline the four main model types that dominated the field 30-40 years ago: (1) dynamic biogeochemical models; (2) population dynamic models; (3) ecotoxicological models; and (4) steady-state biogeochemical and energy models. The third edition focused on the mathematical formulations of ecological processes that are included in ecological models.
This fourth edition uses the four model types previously listed as the foundation and expands the latest model developments in spatial models, structural dynamic models, and individual-based models. As these seven types of models are very different and require different considerations in the model development phase, a separate chapter is devoted to the development of each of the model types. Throughout the text, the examples given from the literature emphasize the application of models for environmental management and research.
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adjacency matrix applied average behavior biodegradation biogeochemical models biological biomass carbon changes Chapter chemical chromium chromium(III coefficient compartments components compounds conceptual diagram considered denitrification density determined detritus differential equations distribution eco-exergy ecological models Ecopath ecosys ecosystem ecotoxicological models effect energy environment environmental management equilibrium estimation methods eutrophication model example exergy expressed factors Figure fish flow food chain forcing functions fugacity herbivorous illustrated important increase INFLOWS input interactions lake logistic growth measured mg/L model results model type mortality nitrification nitrogen nutrient observations organisms output overview oxygen parameters phosphorus phosphorus concentration phytoplankton population dynamic possible predator predict presented problem processes properties relationship rgensen risk assessment Section sediment selected simulation soil spatial model species steady-state step structurally dynamic models submodels Table temperature thermodynamic thermodynamic equilibrium tion toxic substance trophic level uncertainty values variables wetland zooplankton