Environmental Biotechnology: Principles and Applications

Front Cover
Murray Moo-Young, W.A. Anderson, A.M. Chakrabarty
Springer Science & Business Media, Jan 31, 1996 - Science - 768 pages
2 Reviews
Biotechnology offers a `natural' way of addressing environmental problems, ranging from identification of biohazards to bioremediation techniques for industrial, agricultural and municipal effluents and residues. Biotechnology is also a crucial element in the paradigm of `sustainable development'. This collection of 66 papers, by authors from 20 countries spanning 4 continents, addresses many of these issues. The material presented will interest scientists, engineers, and others in industry, government and academia. It incorporates both introductory and advanced aspects of the subject matter, which includes water, air and soil treatment, biosensor and biomonitoring technology, genetic engineering of microorganisms, and policy issues in applying biotechnology to environmental problems. The papers present a variety of aspects ranging from current state-of-the-art research, to examples of applications of these technologies.
 

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Contents

EVOLUTIONARY INSIGHTS
1
ISOLATION OF A NEW MIXOTROPHIC BACTERIUM WHICH CAN FIX CO2 AND ASSIMILATE ALIPHATIC AND AROMATIC HYDROCAR...
16
THEIR POTENTIAL EFFECT ON ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY
28
BIOREMEDIATION OF PESTICIDES AND HERBICIDES BY STREPTOMYCETES
38
HEAVY METAL RESISTANCE PLASMIDS AND USE IN BIOREMEDIATION
47
GROWING TREES ON LANDFILLS
63
PLASMID TRANSFER AND CATABOLIC GENE DISTRIBUTION IN THE AREA OF A GROUNDWATER BIOREMEDIATION SYSTEM
78
MICROBIOLOGICAL ASSAY OF TRICKLING FILTERS
87
PRETREATMENT OF AGRICULTURAL RESIDUES BY CELLULASE AND XYLANASE ENZYMES PRODUCED BY A BACILLUS SP
395
INDUCING WHITE ROT FUNGI TO GROW IN AND DEGRADE POLLUTANTS IN NONSTERILIZED SOIL
407
A FIELD STUDY
417
BIOTREATMENT OF WASTEWATERS USING AERATED SUBMERGED FIXEDFILM REACTORS
431
BIOTECHNOLOGY AND THE PAPER INDUSTRY AERATED LAGOON FOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT
450
CHARACTERIZATION OF TYPICAL PHARMACEUTICAL EFFLUENTS AND USE OF GENERATED DATA FOR DESIGN AND OPERATION ...
461
POLLUTANTS REMOVAL BY IMMOBILIZED MICROALGAE CULTURES
470
BIODEGRADATION OF EFFLUENTS FROM FISH CANNING FACTORY AND DAIRY PRODUCTS PROCESSING PLANT
481

PURIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF NITRILE HYDRATASE FROM Rhodococcus rhodochrous M8
96
MICROBIAL RESPONSE TO MULTIPLEMETAL STRESS
105
A METABOLIC ENGINEERING VIEW ON MOLECULAR BREEDING OF AN ALCOHOL FERMENTING YEAST FROM XYLOSE
114
ADSORPTION PROFILES OF SILVERRESISTANT P diminuta AT 2 DIFFERENT pHs
125
ZINC RESISTANCE IN AZOSPIRILLUM BRASILENSE SP7 AND ITS APPLICATION
135
CLONING AND EXPRESSION OF THE aPINENE MONO OXYGENASE GENE FROM Pseudomonas fluorescens NCIMB 11671
144
BY Pseudomonas stutzeri RS34
158
CARBOXYLATION OF PHENOL TO BENZOIC ACID BY A METHANOGENIC CONSORTIUM
167
MICROBIAL PROPERTIES GOVERNING THE MICROBIAL DEGRADATION OF POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS
178
DISTRIBUTION OF BPH GENES ENCODING BIPHENYL AND POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYL DEGRADING ENZYMES IN SOIL BACTERIA
193
THERMOPHILIC AEROBIC PROCESSES FOR WASTE SEWAGE SLUDGE TREATMENT
206
AN INTEGRATED APPROACH
221
II ENHANCED LANDFARMING FOR BIOREMEDIATION OF OIL CONTAMINATED SOIL
249
ENGINEERING ANAEROBIC DECHLORINATION FOR BIOREMEDIATION
259
Penny ChanEDIATION OF SEMIVOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
269
AN INVESTIGATION OF THE BIODEGRADATION OF TEXTILE DYES BY AEROBIC AND ANAEROBIC MICROORGANISMS
278
COMPOSTING OF AGRICULTURAL WASTES BY NONAMMONIA FORMING DEODORANT MICROORGANISMS
293
BIOTREATMENT OF MARINE CRUSTACEAN AND CHICKEN EGG SHELL WASTE
302
IN AQUEOUS EXTRACT FROM PCPTREATED WOOD BY Arthrobacter sp
320
GROWTH OF Chalara IN SAGO STARCH PROCESSING PITH RESIDUE Hampas
332
GROWTH OF Pleurotus sajorcaju ON OIL PALM FROND PARENCHYMA TISSUE
342
COUPLING TRANSPORT AND CONSUMPTION OF METHANE BY METHANOTROPHS
354
ASSESSMENT OF THE AEROBIC BIODEGRADATION POTENTIAL OF RDX TNT GAP AND NC
368
MICROBIAL DEGRADATION OF PCBS BY A TWOSTAGE PROCESS
382
BENZALDEHYDE PRODUCTION WASTE WATER TREATMENT BY BACTERIAL ASSOCIATION
491
MICROBIAL TREATMENT OF PHENOLIC WASTES
498
MICROBIAL DEGRADATION OF NITROSUBSTITUTED PHENOLS IN WASTES
504
ROLE OF LIGNIN PEROXIDASE AND MANGANESE PEROXIDASE OF PHANEROCHAETE CHRYSOSPORIUM IN THE DECOLORIZATION ...
519
REMOVAL OF PHENOLS BY OXIDATIVE ENZYMES
532
MICROBIALLYMEDIATED METAL REMOVAL FROM ACID MINE DRAINAGE
533
FULL SCALE ANAEROBIC TREATMENT OF DAIRY WASTEWATER USING THE SNC MULTIPLATE REACTOR
544
ANAEROBIC DIGESTION MODELLING AND UASB REACTOR PERFORMANCE
557
MODELLING A TWOSTAGE ANAEROBIC DIGESTION PROCESS
569
BEHAVIOUR OF PRESOLUBILIZED SLUDGE IN ANAEROBIC DIGESTION
579
NOVEL BIOMONITORING TECHNIQUES FOR PHENOLICS AND POLYNUCLEAR AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS
603
ANAEROBIC DIGESTION OF CATTLE MANURE IN FIXED BED REACTOR
616
IMMOBILIZATION OF A DIGESTED ANAEROBIC SLUDGE
626
SEWAGE TREATMENT AND REUSE BY ANAEROBIC DIGESTION AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL POSTTREATMENT
633
THE DETERMINATION OF AROMATIC COMPOUNDS BY MICROBIAL BIOSENSOR
656
DEVELOPMENT OF AN IMMUNOASSAY FOR THE DETECTION OF RESIN ACIDS IN PULP MILL EFFLUENTS
675
NEW APPROACHES FOR FORMALDEHYDE ASSAY BASED ON USE OF ENZYMATIC KIT OR pHSENSITIVE HELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR ...
689
BIOLOGICAL MONITORING OF INSECTICIDES AND OTHER LOW LEVEL CONTAMINANTS IN FRESHWATERS USING PHOTOTROPHS
701
A MODEL FOR FUTURE MICROBIAL PROCESS SYSTEMS AS A CLEAN ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELO...
712
CURRENT STATUS AND POTENTIAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY IN MEXICO
723
TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL OF DISTILLERY EFFLUENTS IN INDIA
735
SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE ENVIRONMENTAL USE OF GRAMNEGATIVE BACTERIA
751
RISK ASSESSMENT AND THE POLITICAL DILEMMA
761
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