Globalization and Technology Absorption in Europe and Central Asia: The Role of Trade, FDI, and Cross-border Knowledge Flows

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World Bank Publications, 2008 - Technology & Engineering - 123 pages
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Innovation and cross-border absorption of knowledge are central forces behind economic convergence and sustained growth. Absorption of technology is a necessary step to promote the development of human capital and the productive base, paving the way for innovations at the global knowledge frontier. Research and development, patents, trade, and foreign direct investment are major channels of technological absorption, allowing diffusion of new ideas and manufacturing best practices among countries and firms. These channels constitute the central focus of this study. This study uses patent databases, surveys of enterprises, and case studies to investigate how specific channels of absorption molds decision making about technology. Trade and FDI flows show considerable promise as catalysts for the region to upgrade its technology and near the global technology frontier. Econometric analysis using enterprise surveys from all Europe and Central Asia countries helps to understand the conditions and policies that induce firms to incorporate external knowledge and technology into their overall growth strategies.
 

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Globalization and Technology Absorption in Europe and Central Asia: The Role of Trade, FDI, and Cross-Border Knowledge Flows
Авторы: Itzhak Goldberg, Lee Branstetter, John Gabriel Goddard, Smita
Kuriakose
Edition: illustrated
Опубликовано издательством World Bank Publications, 2008
ISBN 0821375830, 9780821375839
Всего страниц: 123
Innovation and cross-border absorption of knowledge are central forces behind economic convergence and sustained growth. Absorption of technology is a necessary step to promote the development of human capital and the productive base, paving the way for innovations at the global knowledge frontier. Research and development, patents, trade, and foreign direct investment are major channels of technological absorption, allowing diffusion of new ideas and manufacturing best practices among countries and firms. These channels constitute the central focus of this study. This study uses patent databases, surveys of enterprises, and case studies to investigate how specific channels of absorption molds decision making about technology. Trade and FDI flows show considerable promise as catalysts for the region to upgrade its technology and near the global technology frontier. Econometric analysis using enterprise surveys from all Europe and Central Asia countries helps to understand the conditions and policies that induce firms to incorporate external knowledge and technology into their overall growth strategies.
 

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Page 51 - Because many services are inputs into production, the inefficient supply of such services acts as a tax on production and prevents the realization of significant gains in productivity. As countries reduce tariffs and other barriers to trade, effective rates of protection for manufacturing industries may become negative if they continue to be confronted with input prices that are higher than they would be if services markets were...
Page 46 - Robust standard errors in brackets. * significant at 10%; ** significant at 5%; *** significant at 1%.
Page 116 - Private Protection of Patentable Goods', Research Paper 28, Fordham University School of Law. Available at http://ssrn.com/abstract-434585 Bayh-Dole25, Inc. (2006). "The Bayh-Dole Act at 25'. Available at www.bayhdole25. org/whitepaper Branstetter, Lee and Ogura, Yoshiaki (August 2005). 'Is Academic Science Driving a Surge in Industrial Innovation? Evidence from Patent Citations', NBER Working Paper Series No.
Page 124 - ... publishers in using fiber that is not sourced from Endangered Forests. For more information, visit www.greenpressinitiative.org. In 2007, the printing of these books on recycled paper saved the following: g green press INITIATIVE Trees* Solid Waste Water Net Greenhouse Gases Total Energy 264 12,419 96,126 23,289 184 mil. '40...
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Page 86 - Average value of gifts or informal payments to public officials to "get things done" with regard to customs, taxes, licenses, regulations, services, and the like.
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Page 117 - ... and Wages in US Manufacturing 1976-87. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Microeconomics, Brookings Institution, Washington, DC BIGGS, T., M. SHAH and P. SRVIASTAVA (1995), Technological Capabilities and Learning in African Enterprises, Technical Paper No. 288, Africa Technical Department Series, World Bank. Washington, DC CLERIDES S., S. LACH and J. TYBOUT (1998), "Is Learning by Exporting Important? MicroDynamic Evidence from Colombia, Mexico and Morocco", Quarterly Journal of Economics,...
Page 51 - Because many services are inputs into goods production, the inefficient supply of such services acts as a tax on production and prevents the realization of significant gains in productivity.
Page 86 - ... spent dealing with public officials about the application and interpretation of laws and regulations and to get or to maintain access to public services in the year prior to the survey.

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