Introduction to Corrosion Science

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jan 4, 2010 - Science - 302 pages
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This textbook is intended for a one-semester course in corrosion science at the graduate or advanced undergraduate level. The approach is that of a physical chemist or materials scientist, and the text is geared toward students of chemistry, materials science, and engineering. This textbook should also be useful to practicing corrosion engineers or materials engineers who wish to enhance their understanding of the fundamental principles of corrosion science. It is assumed that the student or reader does not have a background in electrochemistry. However, the student or reader should have taken at least an undergraduate course in materials science or physical chemistry. More material is presented in the textbook than can be covered in a one-semester course, so the book is intended for both the classroom and as a source book for further use. This book grew out of classroom lectures which the author presented between 1982 and the present while a professorial lecturer at George Washington University, Washington, DC, where he organized and taught a graduate course on “Environmental Effects on Materials.” Additional material has been provided by over 30 years of experience in corrosion research, largely at the Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC and also at the Bethlehem Steel Company, Bethlehem, PA and as a Robert A. Welch Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Texas. The text emphasizes basic principles of corrosion science which underpin extensions to practice.
 

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Contents

1 Societal Aspects of Corrosion
1
2 Getting Started on the Basics
13
3 Charged Interfaces
32
4 A Brief Review of Thermodynamics
57
Electrochemical Cells and Galvanic Corrosion
73
Pourbaix Diagrams
95
7 Kinetics of Corrosion
118
8 Concentration Polarization and Diffusion
177
Appendix A Some Properties of Various Elemental Metals
531
Appendix B Thermodynamic Relationships for Use in Constructing Pourbaix Diagrams at High Temperatures
533
Appendix C Relationship Between the Rate Constant and the Activation Energy for a Chemical Reaction
535
Appendix D Random Walks in Two Dimensions
537
Appendix E Uhligs Explanation for the Flade Potential on Iron
541
Appendix F Calculation of the Randic Index X G for the Passive Film on FeCr Alloys
543
Appendix G Acid Dissociation Constants pKa of Bases and the Base Strength
547
Appendix H The Langmuir Adsorption Isotherm
549

9 Passivity
209
10 Crevice Corrosion and Pitting
263
11 Mechanically Assisted Corrosion
315
12 Corrosion Inhibitors
357
13 Corrosion Under Organic Coatings
403
14 AC Impedance
427
15 HighTemperature Gaseous Oxidation
453
16 Selected Topics in Corrosion Science
477
17 Beneficial Aspects of Corrosion
515
Answers to Selected Problems
521
Appendix I The Temkin Adsorption Isotherm
551
Appendix J The Temkin Adsorption Isotherm for a Charged Interface
553
Appendix K Effect of Coating Thickness on the Transmission Rate of a Molecule Permeating Through a FreeStanding Organic Coating
557
Appendix L The Impedance for a Capacitor
559
Appendix M Use of LHospitals Rule to Evaluate Z for the MetalSolution Interface for Large Values of Angular Frequency
561
Appendix N Derivation of the Arc Chord Equation for ColeCole plots
563
Appendix O Laplaces Equation
567
Index
571
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About the author (2010)

Dr. E. McCafferty is a Professorial Lecturer at George Washington University and a consultant to the Naval Research Laboratory, Washington D.C., where he has conducted research in corrosion science for over thirty years.

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