Introduction to the Physics of Rocks

Front Cover
Princeton University Press, 1994 - Science - 294 pages

Finding viable solutions to many of the problems threatening our environment hinges on understanding the rocks below the earth's surface. For those evaluating the relative hazards of radioactive waste sites, investigating energy resources such as oil, gas, and hydrothermal energy, studying the behavior of natural hazards like earthquakes and volcanoes, or charting the flow of groundwater through the earth, this book will be indispensable. Until now, there has been no book that treats the subject of the nature and behavior of rocks in a comprehensive yet accessible manner. Yves Gu guen and Victor Palciauskas first discuss the physical properties of rocks, proceeding by chapter through mechanical, fluid flow, acoustical, electrical, dielectric, thermal, and magnetic properties. Then they provide the theoretical framework for achieving reliable data and making reasonable inferences about the aggregate system within the earth. Introduction to the Physics of Rocks covers the important and most current theoretical approaches to the physics of inhomogeneous media, including theoretical bounds on properties, various effective medium theories, percolation, and fractals.


This book will be of use to students and researchers in civil, petroleum, and environmental engineering and to geologists, geophysicists, hydrologists, and other earth scientists interested in the physics of the earth. Its clear presentation, with problems at the end of each chapter and selective references, will make it ideal for advanced undergraduate-or graduate-level courses.

 

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Contents

Rocks
Igneous Rocks
1
Sedimentary Rocks
5
Problems
11
References
12
Porous Media
13
Porosity Evolution
17
Surface Energy
25
Fracture
141
Plasticity
145
Problems
153
References
154
Acoustic Properties
155
Attenuation of Acoustic Waves
164
Velocity Anisotrophy
171
Problems
176

Imbibition and Drainage
29
Surface Adsorption
40
Surface Roughness
43
Problems
46
References
48
Heterogeneous Media
49
Calculation of Effective Properties
52
Percolation
57
Percolation through a Fractured Medium
62
Problems
67
References
68
Mechanical Behavior of Dry Rocks
69
Deformations
73
Elastic Behavior
76
Fracture
87
Plasticity
100
Problems
110
References
112
Circulation of Fluids Permeability
113
Permeability Models
122
Problems
129
References
130
Mechanical Behavior of FluidSaturated Rocks
131
References
177
Electrical Conductivity
178
Conductivity of Rocks
186
Conductivity Models
197
Problems
206
References
207
Dielectric Properties
208
Electromagnetic Waves
222
Dielectric Properties of Rocks
229
Problems
248
References
249
Thermal Conductivity
250
Thermal Conductivity of Minerals
252
Thermal Conductivity of Rocks
263
Problems
272
References
273
Magnetic Properties
274
Rock Magnetization
284
Problems
287
References
288
Index
289
Copyright

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About the author (1994)

Yves Guéguen is Professor of Geophysics at the University of Rennes. Victor Palciauskas is on the research faculty at the University of California, Davis.

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