Introduction to the Principles of Plant Taxonomy

Front Cover
Cambridge University Press, Sep 27, 1991 - Science - 292 pages
1 Review
Although one of the earliest of biological disciplines, plant taxonomy remains an important and relevant aspect of modern botany. A disproportionate emphasis on the practice of plant taxonomy has to some extent caused the science to be seen solely as the activity of plant identification. This book attempts to redress the balance by providing an introduction to the taxonomic theory upon which the identification procedure is based. The second edition has been completely revised and updated by the author and edited by Norman Robson to reflect the rapid advances which have occurred in plant taxonomy since publication of the first edition.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

User Review - Flag as inappropriate

great book, helps me a lot, thnxxx

Contents

Introduction
1
need and importance of taxonomy
3
Aims of taxonomy
13
Taxonomy and Systematics
14
The Evolution of Theories of Biological Classification
15
Essentialism
16
Nominalism
18
Empiricism
19
Sympathy as the test for biological species
124
Postmating mechanisms
129
Incompatibility
130
Postzygotic mechanisms
131
Speciation
133
Sources of Taxonomic Characters
137
Comparative Anatomy
142
Palynology
149

Conceptual development of postDarwinian taxonomy
21
Problems in Evolutionary Taxonomy
25
Monophyly and polyphyly
34
Parallelism and convergence
40
Homology and analogy
46
Presentation of phylogenetic relationships
49
a critical evaluation
53
The Historical Development of Classificatory Systems
64
The classical period
69
Glimpses of plant science in ancient India
72
The modern period
79
PostDarwinian systems
80
Taxonomic Structure
86
Concepts of Taxa
90
Concept of species
91
Taxonomic essentialistic or typollogical species concept
92
Biological species concept
95
Phylogenetic species concept
98
Alternative species concepts
101
Infraspecific categories
104
Supraspecific categories
107
The concept of the family
111
Categories above family level
113
The Material Basis of Systematics
114
The concept of character
115
Correlation of charcters
117
Character weighting
118
Character variations
121
Isolation
123
Exine stratifiction and ornamentation
150
Pollen association
153
Pollen nuclear number
154
Embryology
156
Cytology
160
Chromosome number
162
Chromosome morphology
168
Chromosome behaviour
171
Cytochemistry
174
Banding patterns
175
Phytochemistry
177
Biosynthetic pathways in relation to taxonomy
188
Systematic insight from other aspects of biology
190
the synthesis unachieved
193
Plant Nomeclature
198
Major rules
200
Typification Arts 710
201
The rule of priority
207
Limitations of priority Arts 1315
208
Effective and valid publication
209
Author citation Arts 4650
210
Retention choice and rejection of names and epithets
211
Rejection of names Arts 6272
213
Nomenclature of hybrids Arts H1H10
215
Epilogue
218
References
223
Index
273
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

References to this book

All Book Search results »

About the author (1991)

Sivarajan, Department of Botany, University of Calicut, India.

Robson, Department of Botany, British Museum (Natural History) London, UK.

Bibliographic information