Language Conflict in Indi: Anti-Hindi Agitations of Tamil Nadu, Hindi-urdu Controversy, Rajkumar, Linguistic Issues in Goa, Gokak Agitation

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General Books LLC, 2010 - 58 pages
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 23. Chapters: Anti-Hindi agitations of Tamil Nadu, Madras anti-Hindi agitation of 1965, Anti-Hindi agitation of 1937-40, Hindi-Urdu controversy, Goa Konkani language agitation of 1986, Linguistic issues in Goa, Gokak agitation, Three-language formula, Rajasthani language movement, Punjabi Suba. Excerpt: The Anti-Hindi agitations of Tamil Nadu are a series of agitations that happened in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu (formerly Madras State and part of Madras Presidency) during both pre- and post-Independence periods. The agitations involved several mass protests, riots, student and political movements in Tamil Nadu, and concerned the official status of Hindi in the state and in the Indian Republic. The first anti-Hindi agitation was launched in 1937, in opposition to the introduction of compulsory teaching of Hindi in the schools of Madras Presidency by the first Indian National Congress government led by C. Rajagopalachari (Rajaji). This move was immediately opposed by E. V. Ramasamy (Periyar) and the opposition Justice Party (later Dravidar Kazhagam). The agitation, which lasted three years, was multifaceted and involved fasts, conferences, marches, picketing and protests. The government responded with a crackdown resulting in the death of two protesters and the arrest of 1,198 persons including women and children. The mandatory Hindi education was later withdrawn by the British Governor of Madras Lord Erskine in February 1940 after the resignation of the Congress Government in 1939. Adoption of an official language for the Indian Republic was a hotly debated issue during the framing of the Indian Constitution after India's independence from Britain. After an exhaustive and divisive debate, Hindi was adopted as the official language of India with English continuing as an associate official language for a period of fifteen years...

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