Movements of Tribals During the Colonial Rule: Role of Ideologies
In all social movements ideologies play a significant role. To get maximum participation of the members of their society the leaders project their ideologies to their followers. During the British rule several leaders of the tribal movements alos inspired their followers by projecting their ideologies. Their views inlfuenced the ideologies. Their views influenced the anture of the movements led by them and also deeply impressed the psyche of the tribal communities in post-independence era. Highlighting the conceptual framework of the social movements in general and tribla movements in particular, causes of discontent among the tribals and the main thrust of their struggle against the colonial rule, revolts led by different tribal groups at different periods have been particularly discussed. Among them were Bhumij revolt, Sidhu and Kanhu insurection, Kherwar movement among the Santals, Mundas struggel which with an innocuous religious beginning emerged in its agrarian and political phase, movement of the Tana Bhagats among the Oraons initially started as a nativist movement later integrated themselves into Congress ideology, Aiki (unity) movement among the Bhils and Girasias of Southern Rajasthan and adjoining areas of Gujarat, the struggle which started as a non-violent peasant movements occasionally turned out to be violent.
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Early British Policy Towards the TribalsMain
Ideology of the Santal Insurrection 1855
The Birsaite Cult
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advised his followers Aiki alien Appendices Asur Banswara Bengal Bhagrit Bhakti Bhakti cult Bhil kingdom Bhils Bhumij Revolt Birsa Munda British officers Chotanagpur Christian colonial rule dhunis dikus Dubu Dungarpur economic eschatolism establishment exploitation famines feudal forests Ganga Narain Singh Garasias Govind Giri Gujarat Hindu Hinduism Ibid ideology India influence insurrection ISBN Jatra K.S. Singh Kherwar movement land large number launched Marathas Mavji mazeway messianic Mewar millenarianism moneylenders Moti Lal non-cooperation movement officials Oraons organised peasants period phase police political preached raids Rajasthan Rajput Raju Rampur rebellion Rebellious Prophets rebels reform region religion religious rent resistance movements revivalism revivalistic rulers sanskritisation Santal rebellion Santal revolt Santals Sardars Sirohi social movements Society in India southern Rajasthan Stephen Fuchs struggle Suresh Singh Tejawat traders traditional tribal and non-tribal tribal areas tribal chiefs tribal communities tribal leaders tribal movements Tribal Revolts Tribal Society tribe village violence zamindars