Nuclear Decommissioning, Waste Management, and Environmental Site Remediation
Decommissioning nuclear facilities is a relatively new field, which has developed rapidly in the last ten years. It involves materials that may be highly radioactive and therefore require sophisticated methods of containment and remote handling. The wastes arising from decommissioning are hazardous and have to be stored or disposed of safely in order to protect the environment and future generations. Nuclear decommissioning work must be carried out to the highest possible standards to protect workers, the general public and the environment. This book describes the techniques used for dismantling redundant nuclear facilities, the safe storage of radioactive wastes and the restoration of nuclear licensed sites.
* Describes the techniques used for dismantling nuclear facilities, safe storage of radioactive wastes, and the restoration of nuclear licensed facilities.
* Provides the reader with decommissioning experience accumulated over 15 years by UKAEA.
* Contains valuable information to personnel new to decommissioning and waste management.
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activity ALARP alpha application assessment Atomic BNFL Bq/g Chapter characterisation chemical considered contaminated land contractor costs decommis decontamination discounted dismantling disposal facility Dounreay drums effects Energy ensure environment environmental equipment estimate exposure Figure gamma Harwell hazard IAEA ICRP impact interim storage International inventory involved ionising Level Waste licensed long-term Low Level Waste Magnox maintenance measures ment minimise monitoring Nirex nuclear decommissioning nuclear fuel nuclear power operations option organisation passively safe plant plutonium potential power station produced radiation radioactive contamination radioactive decay radioactive material radioactive waste Radioactive Waste Management Radiological Protection radionuclides reactor reduce Regulations regulatory remediation removed repository reprocessing risk safety samples Sellafield shielding soil specific spent fuel Stage strategy Table techniques tion transport treatment Type typically UKAEA uranium waste management waste minimisation waste package