Operation Blackboard: Policy Implementation in Indian Elementary Education
Ever since it was first written into the new nation’s Constitution in 1950, achieving universal elementary education has proved an elusive goal for India. Caroline Dyer’s book looks at the failure of the Operation Blackboard scheme to establish a minimum norm of essential facilities for primary schools but argues that, in spite of its failure, the scheme has been rich in important policy lessons. She considers two in particular. First, that the prevailing view of implementation is deeply flawed – the evidence shows it is not something straightforward, following on automatically from the policy blueprint. The second is that teachers are central to meaningful educational change and must understand the hows and whys of changes if they are to implement them. The lessons she draws are of service to policy-makers and administrators in all educational contexts.
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