Optical Properties of Metal Clusters
Optical Properties of Metal Clusters deals with the electronic structure of metal clusters determined optically. Clusters - as state intermediate between molecules and the extended solid - are important in many areas, e.g. in air pollution, interstellar matter, clay minerals, photography, heterogeneous catalysis, quantum dots, and virus crystals. This book extends the approaches of optical molecular and solid-state methods to clusters, revealing how their optical properties evolve as a function of size. Cluster matter, i.e. extended systems of many clusters - the most frequently occuring form - is also treated. The combination of reviews of experimental techniques, lists of results and detailed descriptions of selected experiments will appeal to experts, newcomers and graduate students in this expanding field.
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absorption additional aggregates applied approximation assumed atoms band beam bulk calculated changes charge chemical cluster matter coalescence collective compared conduction constant contributions corresponding cross sections defined density dependence described determined dielectric function direct discussed distribution effects electric electron embedded energy example excitations experimental experiments extinction field filling factor frequency geometry give given glass Hence important increasing influence interactions introduced larger lead light limit material matrix matter mean measured metal clusters methods modes obtained optical oscillator parameter particles particular peak Phys plasmon polarizability polarization position potential present processes produced properties range recently refer reflection resonance respectively response sample scattering Sect separated shape shell shift shown similar single sizes solid spectra spectroscopy sphere spherical structure substrate surface Table theoretical theory tion topology transitions treated usually values various wave wavelength width