The sixth edition of this text is revised and now incorporates new information. Some chapters have been rewritten, making topics such as conjugation and nucleophilic substitution more accessible. Problems are provided which challenge the readers' understanding. read.
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Structure and Properties
Methane Energy of Acti vation Transition State
Alkanes FreeRadical Substitution
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2-butene acid addition alcohol aliphatic alkanes alkenes alkyl group alkyl halides alkynes allyl anion aromatic attack base benzene benzyl boiling point bond dissociation energies bromide carbon atoms carbon–carbon cation CH3 CH3 chemical chiral center chloride chlorine atom collision conﬁguration conformation dehydrohalogenation diastereomers dipole Discussed in Sec double bond effect electrophilic elimination enantiomers ethanol ether ethylene example factor ﬁnd ﬁrst formation formed formula free radicals free-radical halogen heterolysis hydrocarbons hydrogen atoms hydrogen bonds involves isomeric isomers isopropyl kcal kcal/mol kind kinetics leaving group mechanism methane mirror images molecular molecule n-butyl n-propyl nucleophilic substitution optically active orbitals organic chemistry orientation oxidation oxygen pair of electrons polar positive charge Problem proton racemic react reactants reactivity reagent rearrangement relative ring rotation sec-butyl SN2 reaction sodium solubility solvated solvent speciﬁc spectra spectrum stability step stereochemistry stereoisomers structure substrate temperature tert-butyl tertiary transition yield