Pan-Islamic Connections: Transnational Networks Between South Asia and the Gulf

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Christophe Jaffrelot, Laurence Lour
Oxford University Press, 2017 - Political Science - 304 pages
South Asia is today the region inhabited by the largest number of Muslims---roughly 500 million. In the course of the Islamisation process, which begaun in the eighth century, it developed a distinct Indo-Islamic civilisation that culminated in the Mughal Empire. While paying lip service to the power centres of Islam in the Gulf, including Mecca and Medina, this civilisation has cultivated its own variety of Islam, based on Sufism.

Over the last fifty years, pan-Islamic ties have intensified between these two regions. Gathering together some of the best specialists on the subject, this volume explores these ideological, educational and spiritual networks, which have gained momentum due to political strategies, migration flows and increased communications.

At stake are both the resilience of the civilisation that imbued South Asia with a specific identity, and the relations between Sunnis and Shias in a region where Saudi Arabia and Iran are fighting a cultural proxy war, as evident in the foreign ramifications of sectarianism in Pakistan. Pan-Islamic Connections investigates the nature and implications of the cultural, spiritual and socio-economic rapprochement between these two Islams.

 

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Contents

The GulfSouth Asia Religious Connections IndoIslamic Civilization vs panIslamism?
1
1 South Asian Muslims interactions with Arabian Islam until the 1990s PanIslamism before and after Pakistan
21
2 Pakistani Madrasas Ideological Stronghold for Saudi Arabia and the Gulf States
49
JUDLeT and the Gulf Connections
73
4 The Salafi Emirate of Kunar between South Asia and the Arabian Peninsula
91
The Haqqani Network between South Asia and the Arabian Peninsula
117
6 The ArabGulf connections of the Taliban
141
Structural Constraints Modes of Transplant and Remittances
155
8 Iran as an Islamic Interface between South Asia and the Gulf
177
Shia Networks of Learning in India
195
The Iranian Revolution Saudi Influence and the Shifting Arguments of antiShia Sectarianism in Pakistan
217
Conclusion
233
Notes
245
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About the author (2017)

Christophe Jaffrelot is Senior Research Fellow at CERI-Sciences Po/CNRS, and Professor of Indian Politics and Sociology at the King's India Institute (London). Among his publications are India's Silent Revolution (2003) and The Pakistan Paradox: Instability and Resilience (2015). Laurence Louer is Associate Professor at Sciences Po (Paris), a Research Fellow at CERI and author of Transnational Shia Politics (2008) and Shiism and Politics in the Middle East (2012).

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