Participatory Rural Appraisal: Principles, Methods and Application

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SAGE Publications, Jan 6, 2009 - Social Science - 363 pages
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Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) methods, now known as Participatory Learning and Action (PLA), have been extensively used in development research, action and evaluation. This book is based on the author’s decade-long intensive field experience—each method is explained by drawing on field-based illustrations. The book vividly describes the methods of PRA, highlighting the essential features as well as the application, merits and limitations of each method.

Participatory Rural Appraisal: Principles, Methods and Application outlines the application of PRA methodology in areas like participatory poverty assessment, sustainable livelihood analysis, assessment of hunger, vulnerability analysis, organizational analysis, monitoring and evaluation. Separate sections on SWOT analysis and on the method of interview and dialogue are also included in the book. Besides, the author has provided guidelines for sector-wise application of PRA, which would serve as a ready reference for students and practitioners alike. A chapter on the roles of members of a PRA team is another key feature of this book, which would be immensely valuable for students, researchers and academicians working in the areas of social work, rural development, agriculture, and environmental science, and also for NGO workers and trainers and researchers in the development field.
 

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Contents

Evolution of Participatory Rural Appraisal
1
The Concept and Principles of Participatory Rural Appraisal
25
Participatory Mapping
41
Participatory Modelling
75
Transects
83
Mobility Map
97
Venn Diagram or Chappati Diagram
109
Flow Diagrams
123
Matrix Ranking and Scoring
231
Force Field Analysis
247
SWOT Analysis
259
Pie Diagram
269
Body Mapping
283
Interviewing and Dialogue
291
Roles and Responsibilities
305
A Few Illustrations
319

Timeline
143
Trend Analysis
157
Seasonal Calendar
171
Daily Schedule
189
Wealth or Wellbeing Ranking
205
Pairwise Ranking
221
Glossary
341
Bibliography
347
Index
357
About the Author
364
Copyright

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About the author (2009)

Dr N Narayanasamy obtained his PG Degree in Rural Economics and Cooperation (first rank holder) from National Council for Rural Higher Education, New Delhi and PhD from Gandhigram Rural University. He has 30 years’ experience in teaching, research and outreach experience in rural development and has undertaken several action-oriented research projects and evaluation studies funded by national and international agencies. He has organised more than 100 training workshops in PRA; he has organised training programme in PRA for NGOs sponsored by LIFE (International NGO) in Nagoya, and another by Foundation for Advanced Studies in International Development in Tokyo. He attended a workshop on ‘Evaluation methodology’ organised by The World Bank in Washington, DC. He has published 75 articles, 50 monographs and 5 books. He is currently working as Professor and Head, Department of Extension Education and Dean of the Faculty of Rural Development at Gandhigram Rural Institute. He is the Programme Coordinator for the Centre for Participatory Learning Techniques and Management.

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