Phillips' Science of Dental Materials

Front Cover
Elsevier Health Sciences, Jun 30, 2003 - Medical - 832 pages
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The 11th edition of this leading reference is an outstanding, scientifically based source of information in the field of dental materials science. It presents up-to-date information on materials that are used in the dental office and laboratory every day, emphasizing practical, clinical use, as well as the physical, chemical, and biological properties of materials. Extensive new clinical photographs in this edition illustrate the topics, and color plates are integrated close to related concepts as they're discussed in each chapter. A new glossary of key terms found at the beginning of every chapter defines terms in the appropriate context of the chapter's discussion. Also in this edition, critical thinking questions throughout the book stimulate the readers' curiosity on specific topics, test their existing knowledge, and heighten their awareness of important or controversial subjects.
  • Content outlines at the beginning of each chapter provide a quick reference for specific topics.
  • The roles played by key organizations in ensuring the safety and efficacy of dental materials and devices are described - such as the American Dental Association, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the International Organization for Standardization, and the Fédération Dentaire Internationale.
  • Up-to-date Selected Readings are presented at the end of each chapter to direct readers to supplemental literature on each topic.
  • Numerous boxes and tables throughout summarize and illustrate key concepts and compare characteristics and properties of various dental materials.
  • Distinguished contributors lend their credibility and experience to the text.
  • Content has been completely updated to include information on the most current dental materials available.
  • Glossaries at the beginning of each chapter define key terms used within the context of that chapter.
  • Revised artwork gives this edition a fresh look, with high-quality illustrations and clinical photos to aid in the visualization of materials and procedures described.
  • Reorganization and consolidation of chapters into four major book parts presents the material in a more efficient way: Part I describes the principles of materials science that control the performance of dental materials in dental laboratories, research laboratories, student dental clinics, public health clinics, and private practice clinics. Part II focuses on impression materials, gypsum products, dental waxes, casting investments and procedures, and finishing and polishing abrasives and procedures.
  • Part III provides an updated scientific and applied description of the composition, manipulation principles, properties, and clinical performance of bonded restorations, restorative resins, dental cements, dental amalgams, and direct-filling golds.
  • Part IV presents a basic and applied description of materials that are processed in a laboratory or dental clinic.
  • Critical thinking questions appear in every chapter to stimulate thinking and classroom discussion.
  • The overall design has been improved to provide a more visually appealing format.
 

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Contents

CLASSIFICATION OF RESINBASED COMPOSITES
COMPOSITES FOR POSTERIOR RESTORATIONS
USE OF COMPOSITES FOR RESIN VENEERS
FINISHING OF COMPOSITES
BIOCOMPATIBILITY OF COMPOSITES
REPAIR OF COMPOSITES
SURVIVAL PROBABILITY OF COMPOSITES
DENTAL CEMENTS

OTHER DENTAL STANDARDS ORGANIZATIONS
HOW SAFE ARE DENTAL RESTORATIVE MATERIALS?
Acknowledgment
CHANGE OF STATE
INTERATOMIC PRIMARY BONDS
INTERATOMIC SECONDARY BONDS
INTERATOMIC BOND DISTANCE AND BONDING ENERGY
THERMAL ENERGY
CRYSTALLINE STRUCTURE
NONCRYSTALLINE SOLIDS AND THEIR STRUCTURES
DIFFUSION
ADHESION AND BONDING
ADHESION TO TOOTH STRUCTURE
WHAT ARE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES?
ABRASION AND ABRASION RESISTANCE
VISCOSITY
STRUCTURAL AND STRESS RELAXATION
CREEP AND FLOW
COLOR AND COLOR PERCEPTION
THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTIES
INTRODUCTION TO TARNISH AND CORROSION
CAUSES OF TARNISH AND CORROSION
CLASSIFICATION OF CORROSION
ELECTROCHEMICAL CORROSION
PROTECTION AGAINST CORROSION
CORROSION OF DENTAL RESTORATIONS
EVALUATION OF TARNISH AND CORROSION RESISTANCE
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF GALVANIC CURRENTS
WHAT ARE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES?
STRESSES AND STRAINS
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES BASED ON ELASTIC DEFORMATION
STRENGTH PROPERTIES
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF TOOTH STRUCTURE
MASTICATION FORCES AND STRESSES
OTHER MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
STRESS CONCENTRATION FACTORS
CRITERIA FOR SELECTION OF RESTORATIVE MATERIALS
METALS
METALLIC BONDS
ALLOYS
SOLIDIFICATION OF METALS
CLASSIFICATION OF ALLOYS
SOLID SOLUTIONS
CONSTITUTION OR EQUILIBRIUM PHASE DIAGRAMS
EUTECTIC ALLOYS
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
PERITECTIC ALLOYS
SOLID STATE REACTIONS
OTHER BINARY SYSTEMS
TERNARY AND HIGHERORDER ALLOY SYSTEMS
APPLICATIONS OF RESINS IN DENTISTRY
CLASSIFICATION
REQUISITES FOR DENTAL RESINS
FUNDAMENTAL NATURE OF POLYMERS
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF POLYMERS
CHEMISTRY OF POLYMERIZATION
COPOLYMERIZATION
ACRYLIC DENTAL RESINS
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
ADVERSE EFFECTS FROM DENTAL MATERIALS
BIOLOGICAL RESPONSE IN THE DENTAL ENVIRONMENT
MEASURING THE BIOCOMPATIBILITY OF MATERIALS
CURRENT BIOCOMPATIBILITY ISSUES IN DENTISTRY
CLINICAL GUIDELINES FOR SELECTING BIOCOMPATIBLE MATERIALS
PURPOSE AND REQUIREMENTS
MATERIALS USED FOR MAKING IMPRESSIONS
ELASTOMERIC IMPRESSION MATERIALS
CHEMISTRY AND COMPOSITION
MAKING AN IMPRESSION
PROPERTIES
HYDROCOLLOIDS
AGAR REVERSIBLE HYDROCOLLOIDS
ALGINATE IRREVERSIBLE HYDROCOLLOIDS
OTHER APPLICATIONS AND HANDLING OF HYDROCOLLOIDS
INELASTIC IMPRESSION MATERIALS
IMPRESSION COMPOUND
ZINC OXIDEEUGENOL ZOE IMPRESSION PASTES
USES OF GYPSUM IN DENTISTRY
DENTAL PLASTER AND STONE
SETTING OF GYPSUM PRODUCTS
TESTS FOR WORKING SETTING AND FINAL SETTING TIMES
CONTROL OF THE SETTING TIME
SETTING EXPANSION
PRACTICE AND THEORY
HYGROSCOPIC SETTING EXPANSION
STRENGTH
TYPES OF GYPSUM PRODUCTS
PROPORTIONING MIXING AND CARING FOR GYPSUM PRODUCTS
INFECTION CONTROL
TYPES OF INLAY WAX
COMPOSITION
DESIRABLE PROPERTIES
FLOW
THERMAL PROPERTIES
WAX DISTORTION
MANIPULATION OF INLAY WAX
OTHER DENTAL WAXES
GYPSUMBONDED INVESTMENT
PHOSPHATEBONDED INVESTMENT
ETHYL SILICATEBONDED INVESTMENT
CLINICAL EVALUATION OF CASTING FIT
COMPENSATION FOR SOLIDIFICATION SHRINKAGE
PREPARATION OF THE MASTER DIE
VARIABLES AND PRINCIPLES OF OPTIMAL SPRUE DESIGN
CASTING RING LINER
INVESTING PROCEDURE
CASTING PROCEDURE
TECHNICAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR PHOSPHATEBONDED INVESTMENT
CAUSES OF DEFECTIVE CASTINGS
BENEFITS OF FINISHING AND POLISHING RESTORATIVE MATERIALS
PRINCIPLES OF CUTTING GRINDING FINISHING AND POLISHING
ABRASION AND EROSION
ABRASIVE INSTRUMENT DESIGN
TYPES OF ABRASIVES
FINISHING AND POLISHING PROCEDURES
DENTIFRICES
EXTRAORAL FACTORS
Acknowledgment
MECHANISMS OF ADHESION
ACIDETCH TECHNIQUE
DENTIN BONDING AGENTS
MEASUREMENT OF BOND STRENGTH AND MICROLEAKAGE
GLASS IONOMER RESTORATIVES
AMALGAM BONDING
PIT AND FISSURE SEALANTS
AESTHETIC RESTORATIVE MATERIALS
COMPOSITE RESTORATIVE MATERIALS
CURING OF RESINBASED COMPOSITES
FLUORIDERELEASING CEMENTS FOR DIRECTFILLING RESTORATIONS
CEMENTS AS LUTING AGENTS
AGENTS FOR PULP PROTECTION
ZINC PHOSPHATE CEMENT
ZINC POLYCARBOXYLATE CEMENT
GLASS IONOMER CEMENT
METALREINFORCED GLASS IONOMER CEMENTS
HIGHLY VISCOUS CONVENTIONAL GLASS IONOMER CEMENT
RESINMODIFIED GLASS IONOMER CEMENT HYBRID IONOMER
COMPOMER
RESIN CEMENTS
ZINC OXIDEEUGENOL CEMENT
CALCIUM HYDROXIDE
SOLUBILITY AND DISINTEGRATION OF CEMENTS
SUMMARY
ALLOY COMPOSITION
MANUFACTURE OF ALLOY POWDER
AMALGAMATION AND RESULTING MICROSTRUCTURES
DIMENSIONAL STABILITY
STRENGTH
CREEP
CLINICAL PERFORMANCE OF AMALGAM RESTORATIONS
FACTORS AFFECTING THE SUCCESS OF AMALGAM RESTORATIONS
MERCURYALLOY RATIO
MECHANICAL TRITURATION
CONDENSATION
CARVING AND FINISHING
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF DIMENSIONAL CHANGE
SIDE EFFECTS OF MERCURY
MARGINAL DETERIORATION
REPAIRED AMALGAM RESTORATIONS
HISTORY OF GOLD FOIL USED AS A TOOTHFILLING MATERIAL
PROPERTIES OF PURE GOLD
FORMS OF DIRECT FILLING GOLD
GOLD FOIL
ELECTROLYTIC PRECIPITATE
GRANULAR POWDERED GOLD
REMOVAL OF SURFACE IMPURITIES
COMPACTION OF DIRECT FILLING GOLD
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF COMPACTED GOLD
THE DIRECT GOLD RESTORATION
HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE ON DENTAL CASTING ALLOYS
DESIRABLE PROPERTIES OF DENTAL CASTING ALLOYS
CLASSIFICATION OF DENTAL CASTING ALLOYS
ALLOYS FOR ALLMETAL AND RESINVENEERED RESTORATIONS
HIGH NOBLE AND NOBLE ALLOYS FOR METALCERAMIC PROSTHESES
BASE METAL ALLOYS FOR CAST METAL AND METALCERAMIC PROSTHESES
RISKS FOR DENTAL LABORATORY TECHNICIANS
GUIDELINES FOR SELECTION AND USE OF BASE METALS FOR CROWN AND BRIDGE APPLICATIONS
PARTIAL DENTURE ALLOYS AND GUIDELINES FOR SELECTION
ALTERNATIVES TO CAST METAL TECHNOLOGY
SOLDERING OF DENTAL ALLOYS
HEAT SOURCES FOR SOLDERING
TECHNIQUE CONSIDERATIONS FOR SOLDERING
RADIOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS OF SOLDER JOINT QUALITY
LASER WELDING OF COMMERCIALLY PURE TITANIUM
CASTJOINING PROCESS
DEFORMATION OF METALS
EFFECTS OF ANNEALING COLDWORKED METAL
CARBON STEELS
STAINLESS STEELS
CORROSION RESISTANCE AND PROPERTIES OF AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL
SOLDERING AND WELDING OF STAINLESS STEEL
COBALTCHROMIUMNICKEL ALLOYS
NICKELTITANIUM ALLOYS
BETATITANIUM ALLOYS
OTHER WROUGHT ALLOYS
WHAT ARE CERAMICS?
HISTORY OF DENTAL CERAMICS
CLASSIFICATION OF DENTAL CERAMICS
CERAMIC PROCESSING METHODS
METALCERAMIC PROSTHESES
CERAMIC PROSTHESES
METHODS OF STRENGTHENING CERAMICS
ABRASIVENESS OF DENTAL CERAMICS
CLINICAL PERFORMANCE OF CERAMIC PROSTHESES
PORCELAIN DENTURE TEETH
FACTORS AFFECTING THE COLOR OF CERAMICS
CHEMICAL ATTACK OF GLASSPHASE CERAMICS BY ACIDULATED PHOSPHATE FLUORIDE
CRITERIA FOR SELECTION AND USE OF DENTAL CERAMICS
ACKNOWLEDGMENT
General Technique
Acrylic Resins
HEATACTIVATED DENTURE BASE RESINS
COMPRESSION MOLDING TECHNIQUE
CHEMICALLY ACTIVATED DENTURE BASE RESINS
LIGHTACTIVATED DENTURE BASE RESINS
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF DENTURE BASE RESINS
MISCELLANEOUS RESINS AND TECHNIQUES
RESIN TEETH FOR PROSTHETIC APPLICATIONS
MATERIALS FOR MAXILLOFACIAL PROSTHETICS
HISTORY OF DENTAL IMPLANTS
CLASSIFICATION OF IMPLANTS
IMPLANT COMPONENTS
CLINICAL SUCCESS OF DENTAL IMPLANTS
IMPLANT MATERIALS
SELECTING AN IMPLANT MATERIAL
BIOCOMPATIBILITY OF IMPLANTS
BIOMECHANICS
SUMMARY
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