Reconsidering Islam in a South Asian Context
Despite late reconsideration, a dominant paradigm rooted in Orientalist essentialisations of Islam as statically legalistic and Muslims as uniformly transgressive when local customs are engaged, continues to distort perspectives of South Asia's past and present. This has led to misrepresentations of pre-colonial Muslim norms and undue emphasis on colonial reforms alone when charting the course to post-coloniality. This book presents and challenges staple perspectives with a comprehensive reinterpretation of doctrinal sources, literary expressions and colonial records spanning the period from the reign of the 'Great Mughals' to end of the 'British Raj' (1526-1947). The result is an alternative vision of this transformative period in South Asian history, and an original paradigm of Islamic doctrine and Muslim practice applicable more broadly.
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19th century Abd al-‘Aziz Ahl-i Hadith Akbar al-Din al-Ghazali al-Hujwiri Alamgiri Aligarh Arabic argued Awrangzib’s Bada’uni Bengal British Raj Caliphate colonial contemporary context cultural custom Delhi Deobandis doctrinal Islam E.J. Brill East India Company elite and capitalist English European thought example fatawa Fatawa-i fiqh Furthermore Ghulam Ahmad God’s Hanafi Hindu History Husayn Ibid ideas ijtihad Ilahi Indian National Congress influence institutions intellectual Intoxicated Intuition Iqbal Jalal Jama‘at-i Ulama’-i jihad jurisprudence jurists Khan’s Lahore late 19th legitimated madrasas maktabs mentioned metaphysics Movement Mu‘tazila Mughal Muhammad Isma‘il mystical Nizam nizamiyya non-Muslims Ottoman Pakistan Persian perspective philosophy political Punjab qadi qawm Qur’an reforms regime religious Revelation Rizvi Sayyid Ahmad Khan scholars schools Shah Jahan Shah Wali Allah shari‘a Shi‘i Sirhindi Sober Path South Asia South Asian Muslims Sufi Sufism Sultanate sunna theologians theology thinkers tion trans umma University Press Urdu usul vernacular women writings