Recovering Liberties: Indian Thought in the Age of Liberalism and Empire
One of the world's leading historians examines the great Indian liberal tradition, stretching from Rammohan Roy in the 1820s, through Dadabhai Naoroji in the 1880s to G. K. Gokhale in the 1900s. This powerful new study shows how the ideas of constitutional, and later 'communitarian' liberals influenced, but were also rejected by their opponents and successors, including Nehru, Gandhi, Indian socialists, radical democrats and proponents of Hindu nationalism. Equally, Recovering Liberties contributes to the rapidly developing field of global intellectual history, demonstrating that the ideas we associate with major Western thinkers – Mills, Comte, Spencer and Marx – were received and transformed by Indian intellectuals in the light of their own traditions to demand justice, racial equality and political representation. In doing so, Christopher Bayly throws fresh light on the nature and limitations of European political thought and re-examines the origins of Indian democracy.
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Chapter 1 The social and intellectual contexts of early Indian liberalism c17801840
constitutions revolutions and juries
civil society and the press
benign sociology and statistical liberalism
Bengal and Bombay c18401880
historicism race society and economy c18401880
Asian critics and Victorian sages to 1914
north Indian Hindus and the Muslim dilemma
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Ambedkar Ameer ancient argued arguments Arya Arya Samaj Asia Asian B. R. Ambedkar Bengal Bombay Brahmins Brahmo Brahmo Samaj Britain British liberals Buddhism Calcutta Cambridge caste chapter Christian civilisation classic classic liberal colonial communitarian Company’s Congress socialists constitutional contemporary context cultural Dadabhai Naoroji debate Delhi democracy despotism discourse Dutt early economic emerged emphasised Empire English European freedom Gandhi global Gokhale Grish Chunder Ghose Hindoo Hindu Hinduism Ibid ideas ideology Indian liberals Indian political indigenous individual intellectual history Iqbal Islam issue J. S. Mill juries Keshub Chunder Sen later liberty London M. N. Roy Maratha Mill Mill’s modern moral Mughal Mukerjee Muslim Naoroji nation nationalist native neoconservative nineteenth century officials panchayat Parsi peasant philosophy political thought principle race racial Radhakrishnan radical Raja Rammohan Roy reform religion religious representation Sabha Samaj social society spiritual subcontinent Telang themes tradition Tyabji