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11 inches amongst ancient name Aornos appearance Archaeological Survey Attak Baghel Baghelkhand Baijndth Bala Banaras Barmdyan Bdla Hissdr belongs Bhamani Bhirpur Brahmanical bricks Buddhist building built called carved cave centre chamber Charsada Cunningham Darowli deity Deo-Mdrkanda derived Dimensions early east to west enquiries entrance excavations exhumed exist feet 10 inches feet 11 feet high figure fortress Garhwa gate gateway Gurgi Hashtnagar height Hindu inches high India inscribed inscription jangal Kafir king lingam lintel Lodi Masan measures miles modern monastery mound Nagram neighbourhood north to south north-east original ornament palace Peshawar pillars Plate portion probably Raja Ranigat Rdjd remains Rewa river rock ruins sankh Sanskrit Sappers Satna sculptures Shivdla shrine Singh situated south-west square stands stone structure stupa surrounding Swiri Swtris tank temple thick tion tope traces tribe Umarzai Vaidyanath Vaishnav village Ditto ditto visited walls worship Yusufzai
Page 29 - ... cells to the west behind the edifice, the whole being surrounded by a massive wall about...
Page 123 - Khapardarrd, as the sites of the northern and eastern gates of the city. The truth of their statements was confirmed by an examination of the ground within the limits specified, which I found everywhere strewn with broken bricks and pieces of pottery. The old name of the place was not known ; but some said it was Sattdmi, and others Setrdm and Sitardmi, all of which I believe to be simple corruptions of the name of the famous Buddhist Prince Suddna or Sudatta.
Page 131 - ... is covered on all sides with massive blocks of stone, which make the approach very rugged and difficult. Numbers of these stones are of very large size, and some of those on the top of the hill have been hollowed out to form cells. Mr. Loewenthal notices this as "one of the most marked features
Page 129 - I think that it is probably not less than 1,200 feet. The sides of the hill are covered with massive blocks of stone, which make it exceedingly rugged and inaccessible. There is only one road, cut in the rock, leading to the top, although there are two, if not more, rather difficult pathways. This we know was also the case with Aornos, as Ptolemy succeeded in reaching the top by a "rugged and dangerous path," whilst Alexander himself attacked the place by one regular path which was cut out by the...
Page 19 - Deo-Barundrak temples to about the end of the ninth, or beginning of the tenth, century...
Page 88 - Parvati ; 1 Karun, or Qarun (the Korah of the Bible), is reputed by Orientals to have been the first cousin and brother-in-law of Moses, whose sister he married. Moses taught him alchemy, whereby he acquired vast wealth ; but being called upon by Moses to devote a fortieth part of his wealth to religious purposes, he refused, and endeavoured to suborn false evidence against Moses, who therefore caused him to be swallowed up bv the earth. 2. A colossal four-armed figure, 9 feet 5 inches high, by 4...
Page 123 - During my stay at Shahbaz-garhi I made a survey of the neighbourhood, and was surprised to find that the present village was the site of a very old and extensive city, which, according to the people, was once the capital of the country. They pointed to several mounds of ruins as having been inside the city, and to two well-known spots named Khaprai and Khapardarrd, as the sites of the northern and eastern gates of the city.
Page 129 - Mah&ban, by a rocky ridge, which on the north side rises to an equal height. On all sides the castle rock is scarped, and on two sides it is separated from the surrounding ridge by deep ravines, that to the north being 100 feet deep, and that to the west from 50 to 150 feet. At the north-west angle of the castle two dykes have been thrown across the ravine, which would appear to have been intended to arrest the flow of water, and thus to form a great reservoir in the west hollow. In the north ravine,...
Page 129 - Rdnigat, there are three square wells, and to the north-east lower down I thought that I could trace another dyke, which was most probably only the remains of part of the outer line of defences. The entire circuit of this outer line is about 4,500 feet, or somewhat less than a mile * The castle itself is thus described by Mr.
Page 129 - The summit of the hill offers a flat plateau of some size, which had been very strongly fortified by buildings all round the brow. These buildings are constructed of large blocks of stone (conglomerate found on the spot) neatly hewn, and carefully fitted, disposed with very great regularity, and laid in a cement of extraordinary excellence. Unavoidable interstices between the large blocks are filled up by layers of thin small stone tablets, this latter practice being an invariable feature in all...