## Research Methodology in Social ScienceYet Research May Be Regarded As A Useful Form Of Activity. Research, In The Sense Of Development, Elaboration And Refinement Of Principles, Together With The Collection And Use Of Empirical Materials To Help In These Processes, Is One Of Die Highest Activities Of A University And One In Which All Its Professors Should Be Engaged. Research Need Not Be Thought Of As A Special Prerogative Of Young Men And Women Preparing Themselves For A Higher Degree. Nobody Needs The Permission Of A University To Do Research And Many Of The Great Scholars Did Not Any Research In The Ordinary Sense Of The Term. Yet They Succeeded In Contributing Significantly To The Existing Realms Of Knowledge. Research Is A Matter Of Realising A Question And Then Trying To Find An Answer. In Other Words, Research Means A Sort Of Investigation Describing The Fact That Some Problem Is Being Investigated To Shed For Generalization. Therefore, Research Is The Activity Of Solving Problem Which Adds New Knowledge And Developing Of Theory As Well As Gathering Of Evidence To Test Generalization.In View Of This, The Present Attempt Is Made To Describe The Different Aspects Of Research Generally Being Conducted By The Social Scientists And It Is Hoped That It Will Be Of Great Use For All Those Concerned With Social Research. |

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1n our example analysis analysis of variance answer behaviour chance coefficient column computation correlation data collection degrees of freedom describe determine difference distribution educational research effect equation estimate evaluation expected experiment experimental F-ratio factors facts formula frequency function gender given groups important independent variable indicates individual interpretation interval interviewer investigation knowledge labour likelihood likelihood function matrix measures median normal curve normal distribution null hypothesis number of degrees objective observed obtained ordinal statistic PFWE planning possible present problem procedure programme proposal purpose quartile questionnaire questions random sample randomly reference relationship respondents sample means SCBA scientific selected significance simple random sample social phenomena social research social sciences specific standard deviation standard error statistical methods subjects sum of squares survey Table techniques theory validity variance women z-score