As Latin is key to the study of Western classics, Sanskrit is the gateway to understanding ancient Indian literature. One of the few Sanskrit grammars currently available, this meticulously researched and thoughtfully assembled guide to the language's basics will prove invaluable to students of Indian culture and history. Focusing on the fundamentals of Sanskrit as revealed in literary classics, the text follows the forms and constructions of the older language, as exhibited in the Veda and the Brahmana. It begins with an introduction of the Sanskrit alphabet, followed by a treatment of the accent - its changes in combination and inflection, and the tone of the individual words. Succeeding chapters discuss declension, conjugation, parts of speech, and formation of compound stems. A helpful appendix, Sanskrit index, and general index conclude the text.
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VH PRONOUNS Personal 186 Demonstrative 188 Interrogative 185199
T PsnrscrSrsrsu 279296
Perfect Tense 279 Perfect Psrticiple 291 Modes
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3d pl 3d sing a-stems accent accus action-nouns active added adjectives adverbs anomalous aorist appears augmentless belonging beside Brihmanas character circumﬂex compounds conjugation consonant dative declension derivatives desiderative diﬂerent dual especially euphonic example external combination feminine ﬁnal member ﬁnal vowel ﬁrst formation frequent genitive gerund grammarians guttural Hindu Hindu grammarians imperative imperfect Indra inﬁnitive inﬂection initial irregular later language lingual masc masculine middle forms mute namely nasal neut neuter noun number of roots occur older language once optative palatal participle passive perfect periphrastic persons plural preceding preﬁx preposition present present-stem prior member pronominal pronouns quotable rare reduplication roots ending rules sacriﬁce Sanskrit secondary semivowel sibilant simple root small number sometimes sonant sporadic stem strengthening strong forms subjunctive sufﬁx sufﬂx surd tense tense-stem texts u-class union-vowel usually Veda Vedic verbal verbs visarga vrddhi weak forms words