Satoyama: The Traditional Rural Landscape of Japan

Front Cover
K. Takeuchi, R.D. Brown, I. Washitani, A. Tsunekawa, M. Yokohari
Springer Science & Business Media, Jun 17, 2008 - Political Science - 229 pages

Japan’s traditional and fragile satoyama landscape system was developed over centuries of human life on mountainous island terrain in a monsoon climate. The carefully managed coppice woodlands on the hillsides, the villages strung along the base of the hills, and the carefully tended paddy fields of rural Japan made possible the sustainable interaction of nature and humans. Radical changes in the middle of the twentieth century led to the abandonment of satoyama landscapes which now are being rediscovered. There is a new realization that these woodlands still play a vital role in the management of the Japanese landscape and a new determination to manage them for the future. This multifaceted book explores the history, nature, biodiversity, current conservation measures, and future uses of satoyama. The information presented here will be of interest in all parts of the world where patterns of sustainable development are being sought.

 

 

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Contents

1 Ideological Contribution of Satoyamas
1
12 International Perspective on Coppice Woodlands
3
13 Contributions to the Book
5
14 Contributions of the Book
6
2 The Nature of Satoyama Landscapes
9
22 Satoyama Landscapes and Conservation Ecology
16
23 Citizen Conservation of Satoyama Landscapes
23
24 Environmental Policy and Satoyama Landscapes
35
5 Approaches to Satoyama Conservation
111
52 Coppice Woodland Maintenance by Volunteers
119
53 Regeneration of Satoyama Landscapes
129
54 Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems
143
6 Biological Resources
149
62 Coppice Wood as an Energy Source
158
63 Nature Study in Satoyama Landscapes
172
7 Longterm Strategy for Satoyama Conservation
179

3 Satoyama Landscape Transition
41
32 Satoyama Landscape Transition in the Kanto Area
51
33 Satoyama Landscape Transition in the Kansai Area
60
34 Mechanisms of Satoyama Landscape Transformation
71
4 Biological Diversity in Satoyama Landscapes
81
42 Species Diversity in Satoyama Landscapes
89
43 Wetland Environments and Biodiversity in the Hills
94
44 Birds of Prey Living in Yatsuda and Satoyama
102
72 Legal Systems for Satoyama Landscape Conservation
191
73 National Land Planning of Satoyama Landscapes
200
References
209
Glossary of Terms
221
Map of Japan
224
Subject Index
225
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