Shadows of Ethics: Criticism and the Just Society

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Duke University Press, 1999 - Literary Criticism - 282 pages
In this volume Geoffrey Galt Harpham argues for a deeply original view of the relations among ethics, literary study, and critical theory. In thirteen lucid, provocative and often witty essays, Harpham rejects both the optimism of those who see ethics as a way of solving problems about values or principles and the pessimism of those who regard ethics as primarily a cover story for politics.
Ethics, he claims, has been seen by its most powerful theorists as a discourse of “shadows,” a characteristic disturbance of thought in the presence of the other, a source of doubts rather than certainty. At the same time, however, ethics includes an element of violence, even blindness and “fundamentalism,” a crushing drive to clarity and resolution. Contemporary thinkers, Harpham argues, have been unwilling to accept this account of ethics and the obligations it would impose, and have, as a consequence, cultivated social and intellectual marginality as the only site of virtue, the only position in which critical intelligence is at home. They have, he contends, failed to “imagine the center,” to take up the true intellectual and worldly challenge of ethics.
Tracking these issues and energies in debates about enlightenment, the politics of the aesthetic, the nature of rationality, and the worldly contexts of theory, Harpham demonstrates in compelling detail the ubiquity and true difficulty of ethics. Shadows of Ethics also revives a neglected genre, the intellectual portrait, with extended meditations on Jacques Derrida, Martha Nussbaum, Fredric Jameson, Geoffrey Hartman, and Noam Chomsky.
The book will interest literary critics, philosophers, cultural critics, and all those interested in the ethical character of intellectual work.

 

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Contents

Thoughts Anterior to an Ethics of Literature i
1
Ethics and Literary Study
18
Ethics and the Double Standard of Criticism
38
Derrida and the Ethics of Criticism
50
So What Is Enlightenment? An Inquisition into Modernity
67
Of Rats and Men or Reason in Our Time
99
Aesthetics and the Fundamentals of Modernity
120
History and the Limits of Interpretation
145
Late Jameson
162
Chomsky and the Rest of Us
180
Geoffrey Hartman on Culture
203
Philosophy Looking for Love
220
Imagining the Center
243
References
265
Index
277
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About the author (1999)

Geoffrey Galt Harpham is Professor of English at Tulane University. His books include Getting It Right: Language, Literature, and Ethics; The Ascetic Imperative in Culture and Criticism; and One of Us: The Mastery of Joseph Conrad.

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