Social Movements in India: Poverty, Power, and Politics

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Rowman & Littlefield, 2005 - Social Science - 311 pages
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Social movements have played a vital role in Indian politics since well before the inception of India as a new nation in 1947. During the Nehruvian era, from Independence to Nehru's death in 1964, poverty alleviation was a foundational standard against which policy proposals and political claims were measured; at this time, movement activism was directly accountable to this state discourse. However, the role of social movements in India has shifted during the last several decades to accompany a changed political focus from state to market and from reigning ideologies of secularism to credos of religious nationalism. In the first volume to focus on poverty and class in its analysis of social movements, a group of leading India scholars shows how social movements have had to change because poverty reduction no longer serves its earlier role as a political template. Nonetheless, particular sectors of social movement politics remain the holding vessels for India's egalitarian conscience. With distinctive chapters on gender, lower castes, environment, the Hindu Right, Kerala, labor, farmers, and biotechnology, Social Movements in India will be attractive to students and researchers in many different disciplines. Contributions by: Amita Baviskar, Anuradha Chakravarty, Vivek Chibber, Gopal Guru, Patrick Heller, Ron Herring, Mary John, Mary Fainsod Katzenstein, Neema Kudva, Gail Omvedt, Raka Ray, and Tanika Sarkar."
 

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social states and living stander based on contemporary situation of country its really plays very vital role in politics of any country but the main fact is that how people and goverment deal with it

Contents

From Class Compromise to Class Accommodation Labors Incorporation into the Indian Political Economy
32
Problems of Social Power and the Discourses of the Hindu Right
62
Reinventing Public Power in the Age of Globalization Decentralization and the Transformation of Movement Politics in Kerala
79
Feminism Poverty and the Emergent Social Order
107
Who Are the Countrys Poor? Social Movement Politics and Dalit Poverty
135
Red in Tooth and Claw? Looking for Class in Struggles over Nature
161
Farmers Movements and the Debate on Poverty and Economic Reforms in India
179
Miracle Seeds Suicide Seeds and the Poor GMOs NGOs Farmers and the State
203
Strong States Strong NGOs
233
Archival Abbreviations
267
Bibliography
269
Index
299
About the Contributors
309
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Page 28 - Our economic programme must therefore be based on a human outlook and must not sacrifice man to money. If an industry cannot be run without starving its workers then the industry must close down. If the workers on the land have not enough to eat then the intermediaries who deprive them of their full share must go.
Page 30 - I suggest that the emergent possibilities made it imperative to include the term 'consent', even as its scope was 39Cited in Radha Kumar, The History of Doing: An Illustrated Account of Movements for Womens' Rights and Feminism in India, 1800-1990 (Delhi: Kali for Women, 1993), pp.

About the author (2005)

Raka Ray is associate professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of California, Berkeley.
Mary Fainsod Katzenstein is professor in the Department of Government at Cornell University.

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