Somatotyping: Development and Applications

Front Cover
Cambridge University Press, Jun 28, 1990 - Science - 503 pages
Somatotyping is a method of description and assessment of the body on three shape and composition scales: endomorphy (relative fatness), mesomorphy (relative musculoskeletal robustness), and ectomorphy (relative linearity). This book (the first major account of the field for thirty years) presents a comprehensive history of somatotyping, beginning with W. J. Sheldon's introduction of the method in 1940. The controversies regarding the validity of Sheldon's method are described, as are the various attempts to modify the technique, particularly the Heath-Carter method, which has come into widespread use. The book reviews present knowledge of somatotypes around the world, how they change with growth, ageing and exercise, and the contributions of genetics and environment to the rating. Also reviewed are the relationships between somatotypes and sport, physical performance, health and behaviour. Students and research workers in human biology, physical and biological anthropology and physical education will all find valuable information in this book.
 

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Contents

Sheldon and Heath
8
Other contributions to somatotyping
23
Comment on somatotype methods and modifications
46
Summary
70
Range of component ratings
99
Range of component ratings
120
Sheldons somatotype distributions of women
137
Samples of men rated by other methods
138
Other applications of somatotyping
337
New directions
346
The HeathCarter somatotype method
352
The HeathCarter anthropometric somatotype
367
The HeathCarter anthropometric plus photoscopic
375
Summary
397
Approaches to somatotype analysis
406
Calculations and computer programs
418

Instability of somatotypes in children
175
Genotype and phenotype
196
Female sports
259
Champions versus others
285
Behaviour
311

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Page 481 - Seltzer, CC Some re-evaluations of the Build and Blood Pressure Study, 1959 as related to ponderal index, somatotype and mortality.
Page 464 - Body Build as a Framework of Reference for Interpreting Physical Fitness and Athletic Performance.

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