Space-time Codes and MIMO Systems

Front Cover
Artech House, 2004 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 327 pages
2 Reviews
MIMO is the technology that is advancing the wireless industry from 3G to 4G systems, and this book is your essential guide to this major development in wireless communications. It takes you step-by-step from the basics of MIMO through various coding techniques, to topics such as multiplexing and packet transmission. Practical examples are emphasized and mathematics is kept to a minimum, so you can quickly and thoroughly understand the essentials of MIMO. The book takes a systems view of MIMO technology that helps you analyze the benefits and drawbacks of any MIMO system.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

Introduction
1
13 MultipleInput MultipleOutput Systems
6
14 Internet Protocol
8
15 Wireless Internet Protocol
11
References
12
The MIMO Wireless Channel
15
223 Diversity Gain
16
224 Data Pipes
18
633 Code Design Criteria
154
64 LST Receivers
157
643 MMSE Receiver
158
645 Zero Forcing VBLAST Receiver
159
647 Simulation Results
160
648 Receivers for HLST and DLST Systems
161
66 The Effect of Imperfect Channel Estimation on Code Performance
162
69 Summary
163

225 Spatial Multiplexing
19
23 MIMO System Model
20
24 MIMO System Capacity
22
25 Channel Unknown to the Transmitter
23
26 Channel Known to the Transmitter
24
262 Capacity When Channel Is Known to the Transmitter
26
27 Deterministic Channels
27
272 MISO Channel Capacity
28
28 Random Channels
29
281 Ergodic Capacity
30
282 Outage Capacity
31
29 Influence of Fading Correlation on MIMO Capacity
32
210 Influence of LOS on MIMO Capacity
35
211 Influence of XPD on MIMO Capacity
38
Degenerate Channels
39
213 Capacity of Frequency Selective MIMO Channels
42
2131 Channel Unknown to the Transmitter
43
2132 Channel Known to the Transmitter
44
References
45
Channel Propagation Fading and Link Budget Analysis
47
322 Diffraction
48
33 LargeScale Fading or Macroscopic Fading
50
332 Outdoor Propagation Models
53
34 SmallScale Fading
57
341 Microscopic Fading
58
35 Microscopic Fading Measurements
65
351 Direct Pulse Measurements
66
353 Frequency Domain Channel Sounding
68
36 Antenna Diversity
69
362 MIMO Channels
73
SpaceTime Block Coding
75
43 Alamouti SpaceTime Code
76
431 Maximum Likelihood Decoding
78
433 Transmit Diversity
79
434 Summary of Alamoutis Scheme
80
441 STBC for Real Signal Constellations
82
442 STBC for Complex Signal Constellations
84
45 Decoding of STBC
86
46 Simulation Results
88
A Performance Analysis
92
471 Least Squares Estimation
93
472 Minimum Mean Squares Estimation
94
473 Channel Estimation Algorithm Using the FFT Method
95
48 Effect of Antenna Correlation on Performance
97
49 Dominant Eigenmode Transmission
98
410 Capacity of OSTBC Channels
100
411 Simulation Exercises
101
SpaceTime Trellis Codes
103
53 SpaceTime Code Word Design Criteria
105
54 Design of SpaceTime Trellis Codes on Slow Fading Channels
107
542 Design Criteria for Slow Rayleigh Fading STTCs
109
543 EncodingDecoding of STTCs for QuasiStatic Flat Fading Channels
113
544 Code Construction for QuasiStatic Flat Fading Channels
116
545 Example Using 4PSK
117
55 Design of SpaceTime Trellis Codes on Fast Fading Channels
121
56 Performance Analysis in a Slow Fading Channel
126
57 Performance Analysis in a Fast Fading Channel
128
59 Effect of Antenna Correlation on Performance
130
511 Comparison of STBC and STTC
131
512 Simulation Exercises
134
References
135
Layered SpaceTime Codes
137
622 Vertical Encoding
144
Design Criteria
148
631 Performance Analysis of an HLST System
149
632 Performance Analysis of a DLST System
152
610 Simulation Exercises
164
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
165
723 Multicarrier Approach
167
74 OFDM Generation
168
75 Synchronization Issues
171
76 Survey of Synchronization Techniques
178
77 Frequency Offset Estimation
189
78 Carrier Synchronization
190
781 Pilots
191
710 Performance Analysis of Synchronization Techniques
192
711 ML Estimation of Timing and Frequency Offset
193
7111 The Correlation Algorithm Using the Guard Interval
194
712 Carrier Synchronization
195
713 SamplingFrequency Synchronization
198
715 Suggested Solution to the Synchronization Problem
199
716 Channel Estimation
200
7171 Schemes for Reduction of PAPR
201
718 Application to Packet Transmission Systems
206
720 Simulation Exercises
207
IEEE 8021 la Packet Transmission System
209
82 Background
210
84 IEEE 80211 Standard Family
211
843 80211a
212
86 Medium Access Control
213
87 Physical Layer
215
871 Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum
216
873 Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing and 5GHz WLAN Physical Layer
217
88 Synchronization and Packet Detection Algorithms
224
882 Symbol Timing
226
883 Sampling Clock Frequency Error
227
884 Carrier Frequency Synchronization
229
885 Carrier Phase Tracking
232
89 Channel Estimation
233
References
234
SpaceTime Coding for Broadband Channel
237
93 SpaceTime Coding in Wideband OFDM Systems
239
94 Capacity of MIMOOFDM Systems
240
941 Assumptions
242
942 Mutual Information
244
943 Ergodic Capacity and Outage Capacity
246
944 Influence of Channel and System Parameters on Capacity
247
945 Simulations
251
946 Summary
254
951 Analysis
260
962 Overall System Concept
262
963 Comparison with MCCDMA
267
964 Interfacing with MIMO
272
The Way Ahead
275
1021 Capacity in the Uplink
276
103 Linear Dispersion Coding
280
1031 Hassibi and Hochwald Method
281
1032 Method of Heath and Paulraj
288
104 Conclusion
292
Wideband Simulator Description and Explanatory Notes
295
A3 SISO Mode
297
A4 SIMO Mode
300
A5 MISOMIMO Mode
301
A6 VBLAST Mode
302
Reference
303
Narrowband Simulator
305
List of Acronyms
307
List of Symbols
311
About the Author
313
Index
315
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 1 - If I have seen farther, it is by standing on the shoulders of giants.

References to this book

All Book Search results »

About the author (2004)

Mohinder Jankiraman is a Dallas, Texas-based technology consultant with more than 20 years of professional engineering experience in wireless communications. He recently taught at the University of Aalborg in Denmark and was a senior engineer at Summitek Instruments, Inc. He holds a Ph.D. in wireless multimedia communications from the University of Aalborg, an M.S. in technology design from Delft University of Technology.