Supramolecular Chemistry - Fundamentals and Applications: Advanced Textbook
Springer Science & Business Media, Aug 2, 2006 - Science - 208 pages
Molecules are created by the covalent bonding of atoms. However, although a molecule is created from a multitude of atoms, it behaves as an individual entity. A vast number of moleculesof different sizes and structuresare known, ranging from the simplest hydrogen molecule to high-molecular-weight m- made polymers and sophisticated biological macromolecules such as proteins and DNA. Indeed, all living matter, natural minerals and arti?cial materials, however complex and numerous they are, are combinations of some of these tens of millions of molecules. We may therefore be tempted to believe that the structures and properties of these materials and compounds can be directly related to those of the individual molecules that comprise them in a straig- forward way. Unfortunately, this notion is not correct. However deeply we understand the nature of individual molecules, this knowledge is not enough to explain the structures and functions of materials and molecular assemblies that are derived as a result of organizing individual molecules. This is part- ularly true with biological molecular systems that are derived from the spatial and temporal organization of component molecules. In this book we delve into the ?eld of supramolecular chemistry, which deals with supermolecules. A supermolecule in this sense can be de?ned as a “molecule beyond a molecule” – a large and complex entity formed from other molecules.
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air–water interface alkyl chains amphiphile molecules amphiphiles Angew anion aqueous Ariga artificial enzyme atoms bilayer membrane bilayer structure binding calixarene carbon nanotubes catalytic catenane cavity cell membrane Chap Chem chiral complementary complex components controlled crown ether crystal cyclic hosts cyclodextrin cyclophane dendrimer efficiency electron transfer Figure formation fullerene functional G.M. Whitesides guanidinium guest molecules helical hexagons host molecules hydrogen bonding hydrolysis hydrophilic hydrophobic hydroxyl groups immobilized J.F. Stoddart Kunitake Langmuir layer LB film Lehn ligand lipid bilayer macrocyclic polyamine method micelle mimic molecular assemblies molecular capsule molecular devices molecular recognition molecular wire molecules Nanotechnology Nature Okahata organic phase photonic Polymers porphyrin proteins reaction receptor ring rotaxane Science selectively self-assembled monolayer sequence shown in Fig signal solid support substrate supermolecules supramolecular assembly supramolecular chemistry supramolecular systems surface switch Synthesis template two-dimensional ular various