The Marathas 1600-1818, Volume 2
In this volume in the New Cambridge History of India, Dr Stewart Gordon presents a new comprehensive history of one of the most colorful and least understood kingdoms of India: the Maratha polity. The kingdom was founded by Shivaji in the mid-seventeenth century and spread across much of India during the following century. It was subsequently conquered by the British in the nineteenth century, but none the less provided the basis for the formation of many princely states. Since independence a huge mass of administrative documents of the Maratha polity and many important family papers have become available to scholars. Stewart Gordon draws on this material to explore the origin of the Marathas in the Muslim kingdoms of the Deccan, their emergence as elite families, patterns of loyalty, and strategies for maintaining legitimacy. He traces how the Maratha armies developed from bands of lightly armed cavalry to European-style infantry and artillery and assesses the economics that funded the polity, especially taxation and credit. Finally, the author considers the legacy of the Maratha polity: the profound effects it had upon revenue administration, law, education, trade patterns, migration, and the economic and social make-up of Central India, Gujarat, and Maharashtra. In this book, Stewart Gordon presents a picture of everyday life in the Maratha polity as well as an important example of the dynamics of kingdoms during this period. The Marathas 1600-1818 will be widely read by students and specialists of Indian, military, and colonial history as well as by anthropologists.
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Political and military situation of the northern Deccan
The geopolitics of Maharashtra
Marathas and the Deccan sultanates
The Karnatak region
Shivaji 163080 and the Maratha polity
Main roads and forts of the Pune region c 1660
Family responses to invasion 16801719
Aurangzebs campaign against the Maratha hill forts 170007
administration Afzal Khan Ahmadnagar artillery Aurangzeb Bajirao bakhar Balaji Vishwanath battle Bhonsle Bijapur Bombay Brahmin British Burhanpur campaign cash cavalry chauth commander conquest countryside court Dabhade decades Deccan defeated Delhi Desh deshmukh families deshmukh rights documents eighteenth century elite example factional forces forts Gaikwad Ghats Golconda Grant Duff Gujarat headmen Hindu Holkar important inam India infantry invaded jagir Jinji Karnatak Khandesh king kingdom Konkan Kulkarni land leaders lineages loyalty Maharashtra mainly Malhar Rao Holkar Malik Amber Malwa Maratha army Maratha bands Maratha families Maratha history Maratha polity military monsoon Mughal army Mughal Empire Muslim Nagoji Nagpur Nana Phadnavis negotiations Nizam northern Maharashtra Panipat pargana Pawar period Peshwa problems Pune Raghuji Ragunath Rao raids Rajaram Rajasthan Rajput region revenue Sambhaji saranjam Sardesai sardeshmukhi Sarkar Satara Shah Shahji Shahu Shinde Shinde's Shivaji strategy sultanates Surat Tarabai territory treaty tribute troops village warfare Yadav zamindars