The Psychology of Learning and Motivation: Skill and Strategy in Memory Use
Academic Press, Oct 3, 2007 - Psychology - 410 pages
The view of memory use as skilled performance embraces the interactive nature of memory and higher order cognition. In considering the contexts in which memory is used, this book helps to answer such questions as:
• If asked where I live, how do I decide on a street address or city name?
• What influences my selection in a criminal lineup besides actual memory of the perpetrator?
• Why do expert golfers better remember courses they've played than amateur golfers?
Chapters in this volume discuss strategies people use in responding to memory queries- whether and how to access memory and how to translate retrieved products into responses. Coverage includes memory for ongoing events and memory for prospective events-how we remember to do future intended actions. Individual differences in memory skill is explored across people and situations, with special consideration given to the elderly population and how strategies at encoding and retrieval can offset what would otherwise be declining memory.
* An intergrative view of memory, metamemory, judgment and decision-making, and individual differences
* Relevant to both applied concerns and basic research
* Articles written by expert contributors
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RESPONSE BIAS IN RECOGNITION MEMORY
WHAT CONSTITUTES A MODEL OF ITEMBASED MEMORY DECISIONS?
THE SKILLED USE OF BASIC ATTENTIONAL AND MEMORY PROCESSES
STRATEGIC CONTROL OF ENCODING ACCESSING MEMORY AND MAKING DECISIONS
EVALUATIVE PROCESSING AND VALUEDIRECTED REMEMBERING
1D‐SDT model activation answer associative recognition assumptions aVect Balota Benjamin chess Cognitive Psychology confidence context criterion shifts cues decision criteria diVerent diVerential diYcult Dobbins dual‐process Einstein encoding episodic memory Ericsson evidence experience Experimental Psychology expertise eYcient false false‐alarm rates familiarity free‐report goals Goldsmith grain grain size high‐frequency words hit rate increase involuntary memory Journal of Experimental Journal of Memory judgments Koriat latencies Learning low‐frequency words lures Malmberg manipulations McDaniel Memory & Cognition memory accuracy memory and aging memory performance memory reporting metacognitive metamemory midazolam mirror eVect older adults optimal participants predicted probe processes prospective memory task Psychological Review Psychology and Aging recall recognition memory recollection Reder remember rememberers response bias retrieval retrospective memory Rotello Schacter ShiVrin Signal detection theory skill specific stimuli strategies subjects suYcient target test probe theory tion trade‐oV Tulving value information Wixted word frequency younger adults