The Neem Tree: Source of Unique Natural Products for Integrated Pest Management, Medicine, Industry and Other Purposes
Wiley, Jul 11, 1995 - Nature - 696 pages
The most comprehensive and best illustrated treatment of the fascinating tropical neem tree (Azadirachta indica) and its unique substances.
The extracts from the neem tree have an enormously broad range of applications. The main substance azadirachtin, a tetranortriterpenoid, influences the hormone system of insects, exerting thereby a pesticidal effect. Feeding activity, reproduction and flying ability of insects are also affected. It is biologically degradable and can be easily extracted from the seeds of the tree. Other important uses of neem tree products are:
- antifertility and population control
- cure of human diseases
- manure and nitrification inhibitors
- feeds for domestic animals
- soap production
With its exhaustive treatment of the neem tree and closely related plants, this book provides us with an impressive example of the varied uses of renewable resources.
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Dr U Schlüter Dr M Völlinger
Dr F A Mansour Dr C M Y Nicol
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Abstr adults amendments antifeedant aphid application aqueous extracts ASCHER Azadirachta indica azadirachtin bark beetle biological activity caused cells chapter chemical compared compounds concentrations crops damage derivatives diseases dose effects of neem efficacy eggs Entomol Epilachna varivestis experiments extracts feeding females field followed fruit Germany gregaria growth hormone important incognita increased influence inhibition insect insecticides instar isolated Juss KRAUS laboratory larvae leaf leaves less locusts molt mortality Natural neem cake Neem Conf neem extracts neem oil neem products neem seed neem seed kernel Neem Tree nematodes NSKE nymphs observed obtained organic parasitic Pesticides pests plants population Proc protection pupae recorded reduced REFERENCES REMBOLD repellent reported rice root SAXENA SCHMUTTERER showed SIDDIQUI significantly soil species sprayed structure studies Table tested toxicity treated treatment trials Tropical Univ various virus yield