This Fissured Land: An Ecological History of India
Ecologist Madhav Gadgil and historian Ramachandra Guha offer fresh perspectives both on the ecological history of India and on theoretical issues of interest to environmental historians regardless of geographical specialization.
Juxtaposing data from India with the ecological literature on lifestyles as diverse as those of modern Americans and Amazonian Indians, the authors analyze the social conflicts that have emerged over environmental exploitation and explore the impact of changing patterns of resource use on human societies. They present a socio-ecological analysis of the modes of resource use introduced to India by the British, and explore popular resistance to state environmental policies in both the colonial and post-colonial periods.
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A THEORY OF ECOLOGICAL HISTORY
4 Features of social organization
TOWARDS A CULTURAL ECOLOGY
1 Climatic history of the Indian
Caste and Conservation
1 Relative dependence in terms
The Fight for the Forest
Biomass for Business
1 Four stages of industrial forestry
2 Forest revenue and surplus selected
1 Raw material supply areas of West
4 Species and areas allotted to
Competing Claims on the Commons
A view of the interior of the sacred grove of Karikanamma
ECOLOGICAL CHANGE AND SOCIAL
1 Revenue and surplus of Forest
Cultures in Conflict
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Agaria agrarian agricultural animals artisanal Baigas bamboo belief system Brahman Brandis British caste groups century changes claim commercial communities conflict conservation continued cultural decline deodar Dhangars Dietrich Brandis district earlier ecological economy elephants Elwin endogamous groups eucalyptus European fodder forest areas forest department forest laws forest management forest policy forest produce forestry fuel Gadgil gatherers grazing Guha habitat harvesting Himalaya human hunter-gatherers hunting impact India Indian Forester Indian subcontinent industrial mode Jainism Jaunsar Bawar jhum Karnataka Kumaun Kunbis labour levels Madras Maharashtra ment modes of resource natural resources niches non-cultivated lands officials organized peasant period plant plantations plough population population densities Pradesh prescriptions production progs protection r-strategists railway raw material reserved forests resource base restrictions revenue Settled cultivation shifting cultivation sleepers social groups societies species subcontinent subsistence sustainable teak territorial timber tion tonnes tracts traditional trees tribals village Western Ghats wood