This Fissured Land: An Ecological History of India

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University of California Press, 1993 - History - 274 pages
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Ecologist Madhav Gadgil and historian Ramachandra Guha offer fresh perspectives both on the ecological history of India and on theoretical issues of interest to environmental historians regardless of geographical specialization.

Juxtaposing data from India with the ecological literature on lifestyles as diverse as those of modern Americans and Amazonian Indians, the authors analyze the social conflicts that have emerged over environmental exploitation and explore the impact of changing patterns of resource use on human societies. They present a socio-ecological analysis of the modes of resource use introduced to India by the British, and explore popular resistance to state environmental policies in both the colonial and post-colonial periods.
 

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Contents

A THEORY OF ECOLOGICAL HISTORY
9
FIGURES
19
TABLES
60
4 Features of social organization
66
TOWARDS A CULTURAL ECOLOGY
69
1 Climatic history of the Indian
74
Caste and Conservation
91
1 Relative dependence in terms
99
The Fight for the Forest
146
Biomass for Business
181
1 Four stages of industrial forestry
193
2 Forest revenue and surplus selected
195
1 Raw material supply areas of West
202
4 Species and areas allotted to
205
Competing Claims on the Commons
215
A view of the interior of the sacred grove of Karikanamma
224

Nandiwallas
101
ECOLOGICAL CHANGE AND SOCIAL
111
1 Revenue and surplus of Forest
136
Cultures in Conflict
239
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About the author (1993)

Madhav Gadgil is Professor at the Centre for Ecological Sciences at the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore. Ramachandra Guha is a Professorial Fellow at the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library in New Delhi and is the author of The Unquiet Woods: Ecological Change and Peasant Resistance in the Himalayas (California, 1989).

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