Water Quality in Ponds for Aquaculture
Auburn University, Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, 1990 - Aquaculture - 482 pages
Part 1 - Principles of water quality: Physical factors; Water chemistry; Aquatic plants; Environmental requirements; Pond soils; Part 2 - Water quality management: Liming; Pond fertilization; Pond dynamics; Aeration, circulation, and water exchange; Phytoplankton control; Pond treatments.
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abundance acid added aeration agricultural Alabama algae Amer ammonia amount application aquaculture aquatic areas Auburn average base bottom Boyd brackishwater calcium calculated carbon dioxide cause channel catfish chemical chlorine contain copper culture depth dissolved oxygen concentrations Effects equation et al example exchange experiments factors feeding fertilizer fish ponds freshwater greater growth hydrogen increase iron kg/ha lakes less levels lime liter manure material measured mg/liter natural nitrate nitrogen nutrients occur organic matter oxidation particles percent period phosphate phosphorus photosynthesis phytoplankton plankton plants pond water potassium permanganate potential present pressure production pump range rates reduced remove reported result salinity sample shrimp soil solution species substances sulfate surface temperature tion total alkalinity total hardness toxicity treated treatment turbidity United University usually values volume water quality weight yields